Path: hub.org!hub.org!newsfeed.ision.net!ision!newsfeed.icl.net!news-spur1.maxwell.syr.edu!news.maxwell.syr.edu!nntp2.deja.com!nnrp1.deja.com!not-for-mail From: email@example.com Newsgroups: soc.culture.ukrainian,alt.current-events.ukraine,alt.current-events.russia,soc.culture.russian Subject: Ukrainian nazi accused of war crimes during World War II Date: Mon, 10 Jan 2000 00:01:42 GMT Organization: Deja.com - Before you buy. Lines: 78 Message-ID: <firstname.lastname@example.org> NNTP-Posting-Host: 22.214.171.124 X-Article-Creation-Date: Mon Jan 10 00:01:42 2000 GMT X-Http-User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.0; Windows 98; DigExt) X-Http-Proxy: 1.1 x28.deja.com:80 (Squid/1.1.22) for client 126.96.36.199 X-MyDeja-Info: XMYDJUIDdonnellymb Xref: hub.org soc.culture.ukrainian:64280 alt.current-events.ukraine:11765 alt.current-events.russia:37039 soc.culture.russian:174726 Former Ukrainian policeman accused of war crimes during World War II (The Simon Wiesenthal Center) Bogdan Koziy has been living in comfortable surroundings outside Alajuela, Costa Rica since fleeing to that Central American country from the United States with his wife in 1984, eluding deportation to the-then Soviet Union on charges which included shooting dead a four year-old Jewish girl. The director of the Simon Wiesenthal Center's Israeli office, Efraim Zuroff, visited Costa Rica in February 1996 to campaign for the expulsion of Koziy. Zuroff said Costa Rican officials had told him that Koziy, now 73 years old, could be expelled only if another country requested his extradition, or if Costa Rica declared him an undesirable alien. Zuroff said he intended to press for the latter. "Declaring him undesirable is an option entirely in the control of the Costa Rican government," he said. Koziy, who allegedly helped round up Jews to send to the gas chamber, has lived without fear of expulsion since a Costa Rican court turned down a request for his extradition from the former Soviet Union in 1986. Koziy fled the United States in 1984 before U.S. authorities could serve an order to deport him to the Soviet Union. The order was issued after a U.S. court upheld a 1979 lower court ruling stripping him of U.S. citizenship, which he obtained in 1956. In March 1986, the Soviet Union submitted a request for the extradition of Koziy. The request was rejected by a Costa Rica court because it was not in accordance with Costa Rican law which stipulates that the criminal has to already be on trial in the country requesting extradition. In March 1987, Costa Rica's Superior Penal Court ordered Koziy's extradition to the Soviet Union on the condition that he not be executed for his crime. But a judge cancelled the extradition order in June 1987 and, in September of that year, Minister of the Interior Ronaldo Ramirez granted Koziy a temporary visa allowing him to remain in Costa Rica. A letter-writing campaign for Koziy's expulsion, begun by the World Jewish Congress in 1994, included letters from many U.S. congressmen to Costa Rican officials. But President Jose Maria Figueres and Foreign Minister Fernando Naranjo have said that Costa Rica will not unilaterally expel Koziy. Zuroff has said that he got the feeling, after three days of meetings with Costa Rican officials, that the government would prefer to receive an extradition request from another country rather than unilaterally "throwing him out." However, Zuroff believes that getting Costa Rica to expel Koziy will be "more easily 'doable,'" than getting Ukraine to request his extradition. Ukraine authorities say they have volumes of evidence linking Koziy to war crimes during the Nazi era. As a Ukrainian policeman in Lysets, he served under the Nazis, and "took part in shooting civilians and rose through the ranks to become a senior officer," said Viktor Popov, who heads the investigation into Koziy's case. The accusations include shooting to death 13 year-old Lucia Roziner in the autumn of 1942 after he discovered her hiding in a barn. A year later, he allegedly attacked four year-old Monica Singer, the daughter of the local Jewish doctor, dragged her off by the hair, and shot her. In addition, he allegedly participated in the murders of a teenage daughter of the Rosiner family, an unnamed boy living in Stary Lysiec, and seven members of the Kandler family. He is also accused of helping the Gestapo round up Jewish families to be sent to the ghetto in Stanislaw six miles away. The commander of the Lysets police unit, tried and executed in 1952, named Koziy as one of his men. The case against him was suspended , but never dropped, only because Koziy became so hard to track down. Also, relations between the Soviet Union and the U.S. and, later, the efforts of Ukrainian nationalists to discount the charges against Koziy , have made him an elusive target. Sent via Deja.com http://www.deja.com/ Before you buy.
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