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From: victoria@netinfo.ubc.ca (Victoria Baschzok)
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Subject: Re: Hitler and Pinochet
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In article <7b79id$2fus$1@hub.org>, kmcvay@veritas.nizkor.org (Kenneth
McVay OBC) wrote:

> In article <36d7073a.76736789@news.eagle.ca>,
> Honest John  wrote:
> >And Adolf Hitler was elected by the people of Germany.  The people of
> 
> No, he wasn't. I think the best the NSDAP had done was 37% - it was
> Hindenberg who put Hitler into power, not the German people. Once he
> was there, of course, he simply threw out law and took over.

A very brief history of the run up to the Hitler's LEGAL accusation of
dictatorial powers in Germany. A lot of the intrigue is left out for
brevity but the election results and important votes are listed.

In the presidential election held on March 13, 1932, Hitler got over
eleven million votes (11,339,446) or 30% of the total. Hindenburg got
18,651,497 votes or 49%. 

Hindenburg failed to get the absolute majority he needed, making a run-off
election necessary. Goebbels and many of the Nazi leaders were quite
disappointed. 

A newspaper run by the Social Democrats, somehow gets hold of letters
between SA Chief Ernst Röhm and a male doctor, concerning their mutual
interest in men. Adolf Hitler knew Röhm was a homosexual and had ignored
it for years because of Röhm's usefulness to him. 

Sunday, April 10, 1932, the people voted. They gave Hitler 13,418,547 or
36%, an increase of two million, and Hindenburg 19,359,983 or 53%, an
increase of under a million. 

In April of 1932, Heinrich Bruening, Chancellor of Germany, invoked
Article 48 of the constitution and issued a decree banning the SA and SS
all across Germany. The Nazis are outraged,want Hitler to fight the ban.
Hitler, always a step ahead of them all, doesn't rock the boat knowing
Republic on last legs.

On May 8, 1932, Schleicher held a secret meeting with Hitler and offered a
proposal. The ban on the SA and SS would be lifted, the Reichstag
dissolved and new elections called, and Chancellor Bruening would be
dumped, if Hitler would support him in a conservative nationalist
government. Hitler agreed.

On July 31, the people voted and gave the Nazis 13,745,000 votes, 37% of
the total, granting them 230 seats in the Reichstag. The Nazi party was
now the largest and most powerful in Germany. 

On September 12, the Reichstag under the new chairmanship of Hermann
Göring gave a vote of no confidence to Papen and his government-new
elections. 

On November 6, the Nazis lost two million votes and thirty four seats in
the Reichstag. It seemed the Nazis were losing momentum.

Kurt von Schleicher became Chancellor of Germany on December 2, 1932.

Bankers and industrialists who had petitioned Hindenburg on behalf of
Hitler still liked the idea of Hitler in power. And Papen was now out to
bring down Schleicher. On January 4, 1933, Hitler went to a meeting with
Papen at the house of banker Kurt von Schroeder. Papen surprised Hitler by
offering to oust Schleicher and install a Papen-Hitler government with
himself and Hitler, both equal partners. 

Hindenburg makes Hitler chancellor at noon on January 30, 1933, with a
Cabinet that contained, Hitler and only 3 Nazis out of 11 posts. Hermann
Göring was Minister without Portfolio and Minister of the Interior of
Prussia. Nazi, Wilhelm Frick, was Minister of the Interior. The small
number of Nazis in the cabinet was planned to help keep Hitler in check.

On his first day as chancellor, Hitler manipulated Hindenburg into
dissolving the Reichstag and calling for the new elections he had wanted -
to be held on March 5, 1933.

On February 27, he decided to burn the Reichstag building.. 

February 28, Chancellor Hitler demanded an emergency decree to overcome
the crisis. Thousands of Communists as well as Social Democrats and
liberals were taken away into 'protective custody' to SA barracks where
they were beaten and tortured. 

On March 5, the last free elections were held. The people denied Hitler
his majority, giving the Nazis only 44 per cent of the total vote, 17,
277,180. Despite massive propaganda and the brutal crackdown, the other
parties held their own. The Center Party got over four million and the
Social Democrats over seven million. The Communists lost votes but still
got over four million. 

On March 23, the newly elected Reichstag met in the Kroll Opera House in
Berlin to consider passing Hitler's Enabling Act. 

The vote was taken - 441 for, and only 84, the Social Democrats, against.
Hitler is dictator of Germany.

Only one man arose amid the overwhelming might. Otto Wells, leader of the
Social Democrats stood up and spoke quietly to Hitler. -"We German Social
Democrats pledge ourselves solemnly in this historic hour to the
principles of humanity and justice, of freedom and socialism. No enabling
act can give you power to destroy ideas which are eternal and
indestructible." 
 
> Allende's government, in contrast, was legally elected by the voters.


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