Archive/File: holocaust/usa/ihr app.002 Last-Modified: 1994/07/04 "...Once the war ended, App expanded the parameters of his defense of Germany's political demands and wartime behaviors. ... he argued that Germany had not been responsible for the outbreak of the war. ... He now commenced a more serious endeavor: defending and justifying German atrocities. In May 1945, a week after the end of the war in Europe and while news of the liberation of the concentration camps filled the pages of American newspapers, App argued that what Germany had done was legally justified in the context of the rules of warfare. Initially he focused on a few limited atrocities, such as the German massacre of the inhabitants of ... Lidice. When Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich was assassinated in May 1942, the Germans claimed that the villagers of Lidice had helped his assassin. They killed all the men in the village, 192 in all, as well as 71 women. The remaining 198 women were incarcerated in Ravensbru"ck, where many of them died. Of the 98 children who were 'put into educational institutions,' no more than 16 survived. Lidice was razed to the ground.<9> The annihilation of this town elicited an intense reaction from the American public. But, App contended, according to international law the killings were justified because the Germans had executed everybody who aided political murders,<10> and American law would have supported such action. He offered no evidence of how he concluded that the entire village had aided the assassins. Nor did he explain how murdering all the males and one third of the women, incarcerating the rest, including the children, and razing the entire town could be regarded as applications of international or American law." (Lipstadt, 88-89) End-Notes: < 9> S.F. Berton, "Das Attendat auf Reinhard Heydrich vom 27 mai 1942: Ein Bericht des Kriminalrats Heinz Pannwitz." Vierteljahrshefte fur Zeitgeschichte (July 1985), pp. 668-706. See also J. Bradley, "Lidice: Sacrificial Village" (New York, 1972); T. Wittlin, "Time Stopped at 6:30" (Indianapolis, 1965); and "Lidice," Encyclopedia of the Holocaust. <10> App, Morgenthau Era Letters, p. 49. Work cited Lipstadt, Deborah E. Denying the Holocaust: The Growing Assault on Truth and Memory. New York: The Free Press (A division of Macmillan, Inc.), 1993.
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