Archive/File: people/e/eichmann.adolf/transcripts/Judgment/Judgment-027 Last-Modified: 1999/05/27 On 22 April 1942 - too late - another cable was received from the Accused, which was typical of the methods of evacuation. Not too many local communal workers of the Association of Jews, or of the local communities, are to be evacuated, in order not to endanger the implementation of the tasks the Jewish organizations were required to carry out, and their liquidation. These communal workers are only to be evacuated gradually. The required reports sent to the Accused's office (for his attention or that of his deputy), as well as to Lublin and to Cracow, are dated 22 April 1942. They state that a train carrying 941 Jews left Duesseldorf on the same day for Izbica (in the Lublin district), and that the commander of the transport holds the amount of 47,050 Reichsmark (941 multiplied by 50). The detailed report, as required in the above circular, is forwarded to the Accused's office on 29 April 1942. 92.There is much material in file T/1395 in connection with belongings, money and bank deposits confiscated from evacuated Jews. Before his evacuation, every Jew completed a very detailed "property declaration form" (T/650), and the Gestapo handed over these declarations to the Chief Finance Authority at Duesseldorf. It transpired that Regulation No. 11 did not apply to 91 Jews, and they were given confiscation orders. 93. Already on 21 May 1942 the Accused's Section demands figures in connection with an additional transport, this time directed in part to the East and in part to Terezin. The Duesseldorf office replies on 27 May that 154 Jews can be evacuated from its district to the East and 1,735 to Terezin. The handling of this transport is continued in file exhibit T/1396, in which there are new instructions dated 4 June 1942, in connection with evacuation to the East (Izbica near Lublin). These instructions do not differ from the former instructions, and once again the reference number is IVB4-2093/42g (391). On 18 June 1942, the Duesseldorf Gestapo informs the Accused's office that 142 Jews were evacuated, as part of a larger transport of a total of 1,003 Jews, collected from other districts in Western Germany. The handling of this transport was identical with the handling of the previous transport; only this time the inmates of a Jewish hospital for the mentally sick in the town of Seyn near Koblenz were also evacuated, as stated in a cable dated 1 June 1942 and signed by the Koblenz Gestapo. The expulsion of the mentally sick Jews is also mentioned by Dr. Plaut in his affidavit T/665 on pp. 14-16. There is no doubt that these patients were taken directly to extermination in one of the extermination camps in the Lublin area. 94. The evacuation of Jews destined for Terezin is described in file T/1397 of the same Duesseldorf Gestapo office, and since this is the first time that we come across a transport of this kind, we shall again mention a number of details here. On 3 July 1942 the Accused's office sends a circular dated 15 May 1942, signed by the Accused's deputy Guenther, comprising directives connected with evacuation to Terezin. The categories of evacuees are: (a) Jews above the age of 65, and sick people above the age of 55, together with their spouses and children under the age of 14; (b) Jews who are war invalids or hold medals for distinguished service, with their spouses and children up to the age of 14; (c) Jewish spouses of mixed marriages, in cases where the marriages no longer exist; (d) unmarried offspring of mixed marriages who are considered as Jews. The man responsible for the reception of the evacuated Jews at the Terezin Ghetto will be "the Commander of Security Police and SD Office, the Central Office for Jewish Emigration, Prague." A note about the transport is to be sent to : (a) the office of the Accused; (b) Commander of the Security Police and the SD, the Central Office for Jewish Emigration, Prague; (c) the Terezin Ghetto. The Commander of the Security Police and the SD, Central Office for Jewish Emigration, Prague, has to inform the Accused about the arrival and reception of the transport. On 21 July 1942, 965 Jews were evacuated. and on 25 July 1942, 978 Jews - 1,943 Jews in all, over and above the estimated number included in the above-mentioned letter of 27 May 1942. On 4 August 1942, the Duesseldorf Gestapo informs the Accused's office about changes in the number, since thirteen Jews committed suicide, five died and six escaped. In the concluding report, dated 15 August 1942, the total number included in the first transport is given, and it is reported that 694 were included in the second transport, making a total of 1,659 Jews evacuated to Terezin. "Contributions" to the Special Account "W" reached the amount of 160,000 Reichsmark. 95. File T/1398 deals with those persons who survived previous evacuation and were evacuated during 1943. The file begins with a cable sent from the Accused's office on 21 May 1943, this time signed by Kaltenbrunner, the head of the RSHA. Once again, it bears the special reference number for all transports from the Reich, IVB4a - 2093/42g (391). The cable reports that, according to an order by Himmler, all Jews are to be evacuated from the Reich and the Protectorate to the East and to Terezin by 30 June 1943 at the very latest. The cable confirms the previous instructions regarding the categories of evacuees, but there is a further tightening up, in order to complete the evacuation operation. Amongst other things it is stated: (a) that all sick and invalid Jews are also to be seized; (b) that all Jews still employed on the war effort are also to be evacuated (and only those in labour camps are to be left behind); (c) similarly, all employees of the Jewish organizations and the communities are to be evacuated and thus, These institutions are in fact being liquidated. In their stead - as far as is necessary for those Jews remaining - in order to fulfil the orders of the authorities, an organization of Jews living in mixed marriages will be set up in Berlin, which will employ only the remaining spouses of mixed marriages." Technical instructions for transport to Auschwitz and Terezin are given, and a special postscript appears in the cable for Katowice and Lodz: "On the evacuation of Jews employed by the Schmelt (Forced Labour organization) and of the Jews in the Lodz Ghetto (our emphasis), Obersturmbannfuehrer Eichmann, my Referent, will decide on the spot." On 25 May 1943, the Duesseldorf Gestapo sends information (following the usual pattern, to Berlin, Prague and Terezin) that on that day 32 Jews were evacuated to Terezin. The changes which took place in the meantime in the economic situation of the Jews who remained, finds expression in a minute of 6 July 1943, which states that 22 Jews (out of the 32 evacuated) did not have the permitted 50 marks and could not deposit them. The file of the Duesseldorf Gestapo contains no material in connection with the evacuation to Auschwitz, in pursuance of the above cable of 21 May 1943, and we do not know if this material was lost or if such evacuation did not take place, because there were no Jews left for evacuation in that district. But there is in file T/1398 one more list of nine Jews evacuated to Terezin on 9 September 1943, and it seems that this completed the operation, leaving in that district only couples living in mixed marriages and offspring of those categories who were not subject to evacuation.
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