Newsgroups: alt.conspiracy,alt.revisionism,soc.history,soc.answers,alt.answers,news.answers Subject: HOLOCAUST FAQ: Willis Carto & The Institute for Historical Review (2/2) Summary: Research guide to Willis Carto's racist machine Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: The Nizkor Project
Followup-To: alt.revisionism Organization: The Nizkor Project, Vancouver Island, CANADA Approved: news-answers-request@MIT.edu Keywords: Carto,Liberty Lobby,IHR,Spotlight,O'Keefe,Weber Archive-name: holocaust/ihr/part02 Last-modified: 1999/11/03 IHR: A Layman's Guide to Willis Carto & The Institute for Historical Review (Part 02) 4.0 Political Organization.....................................17 4.1 National Youth Alliance....................................17 4.2 Populist Action Committee..................................17 5.0 IHR Investigates Conference Attendees......................23 6.0 Epilog - Carto Expelled from IHR in Palace Coup ...........23 7.0 Reference Section..........................................24 7.1 Suggested Reading........................................25 7.2 Glossary.................................................25 7.3 Works Cited..............................................25 [IHR] [Page 17] 4.0 Political Organizations & Activities 4.1 National Youth Alliance In his book "Brotherhood of Murder," Martinez mentions the National Youth Alliance, which had its beginnings as "Youth for Wallace," and was formed during the Wallace Presidential campaign of 1968. He notes that Dr. William Pierce, whom he describes as a "Nazi," along with several founders of George Lincoln Rockwell's National Socialist White People's Party, joined the organization in the late Sixties. The information he provides which relates to Carto's involvement in this group is sketchy, to say the least: The behind-the-scenes power in the NYA was Willis Carto, head of the far right-wing, Washington, D.C.-based Liberty Lobby, publisher of an anti-Zionist magazine called 'Spotlight' and also publisher of a book that teaches terrorist urban warfare tactics. Martinez continues with "After wresting control of the group from Carto..." and no further references are to be found. (Martinez, 33) The neo-Nazi group The National Alliance grew out of "The National Youth Alliance," and is now controlled by Dr. William Pierce. I would appreciate receiving any additional, documented, information regarding Carto's involvement with this group, and invite your contributions. ("Brotherhood of Murder" tells of Martinez' involvement with The Order, the neo-nazi organization responsible for the murder of Denver talk-show host Alen Berg and others.) 4.2 The Populist Action Committee (Richard Hatch, May, 1993) In 1991, the Populist Action Committee (PAC) was "formally launched by the Liberty Lobby, the Washington-based populist institution that publishes _The Spotlight_." (Spotlight, 6-3-91, 1) The PAC is intimately tied to the Spotlight, which is "a prime mover behind the PAC." (Spotlight, 9-9-91, A-3) Unlike conventional political action committees, the PAC will not give money directly to candidates for office, but rather will "promote and publicize populist candidates, urging patriots to make direct contributions to these candidates." (Ibid) The Kick-Off The featured speaker at the kick-off meeting was "English populist" John Tyndall of the British National Party. (Spotlight, 6-3-91, 1) Tyndall is a British "former" National Socialist who has been quoted as saying "The Jew is like a maggot feeding on a body in an advanced state of decay." (Knight, 47) The selection of Tyndall as featured speaker for the founding meeting is an indication of the political direction of the Populist Action Committee. Tyndall was a founder of the British National Party in 1960. (Hill, page??) The original BNP was "pro-nazi and anti-semitic" and later merged with other far-right groups to form the National Front in 1967. The NF promoted the exclusion of non-whites from England. (Fielding, 67-68) [IHR] [Page 18] Tyndall resurrected the old BNP name when he founded a new party after the collapse of the National Front. As noted in a "Spotlight" interview, the BNP publishes _British Nationalist_ and _Spearhead_. (Spotlight, 6-24-91, 16-17) The name "Spearhead" is a throwback to the paramilitary organization in which Tyndall was active during the original BNP days. Tyndall, who sported Nazi-style stormtrooper attire in those days, was "gaoled" for his involvement in this paramilitary group. (Hill, 61) Promoting "Populist Candidates" According to Liberty Lobby founder Willis Carto, the PAC "will be promoting populist candidates." (Spotlight, 6-10-91, 11) The PAC does this in part by publicizing the activities of such candidates in the "Spotlight". In one such case, the "Spotlight" directed readers to Joe Fields who in 1992 was running for a California State legislature seat under the banner of the American Independent Party. Fields is a notorious far-right activist from Southern California who in 1987 "identified himself to reporters as a member of the National Socialist American Workers Party." (Los Angeles Times March 11, 1988, 30, section 1) Art Jones was singled out for publicity in a special PAC "wrap" addition to the Spotlight. (Spotlight, 3-9-92, A-2) The PAC identified Jones as one of "seven viable candidates for public office who are dedicated to the principles of populism...With your help, there is a chance to elect candidates unbeholden to special interests now plunging our country into ruin." Apparently, this was as far as the PAC could go, since the special PAC "wrap" noted that the "Populist Action Committee is a research and education entity not registered with the Federal Election Committee and does not endorse any candidate." (Spotlight, 3-9-92, A2) An earlier PAC report in the "Spotlight" described Art Jones as a candidate who "puts America first." "Spotlight" went on to note that "Jones has been connected to far-right nationalist groups in the Chicago area by the local media." (Spotlight, 2-24-92, 7) In fact, local media reports had identified Jones as a leader in the American Nazi Party. (Chicago Tribune 1-20-89, 3) Jones was active in overt Nazi agitation as far back as 1979, when he was photographed at a Chicago rally wearing the swastika armband. He later became briefly involved with Civilian Military Assistance (CMA). CMA was part of the "private" support network for Reagan's contra war in Nicaragua. (Bellant, 120-122) In 1989, Jones was vice chairman of the American Nazi Party. He achieved some notoriety when he was photographed shaking hands with David Duke during Duke's run for governor of Louisiana. Even Duke, attempting to shake off his own past, called Jones a "Nazi kook." (Rose, 64) [IHR] [Page 19] Populist Personnel The make-up of the advisory board of the PAC gives an idea of why such "populist candidates" would be promoted by the PAC. The members (and their descriptions) as of March 9, 1992 included: Abe Lincoln Austin (Monetary Scientist) Mike Blair (Investigative Reporter) Ken Bohnsack (Founder, Sovereignty) Robert Brock (Black Nationalist) Howard Carson (Publishing Consultant) Capt. G. Russel Evans (Historian) Lt. Col. James (Bo) Gritz (US Army, ret.) Dr. Martin A. Larson (Author) Roger Lourie (President, Devin-Adair publishing) Donald A. MacPherson (Constitutional Attorney) Pauline Mackey (Treasurer, ret. David Duke for President) Tom McIntyre (Former Chairman, Populist Party) Eustace Mullins (Author) John Nugent (Financial Consultant) Lawrence Patterson (Editor & Publisher, Criminal Politics) Col. L. Fletcher Prouty (US Air Force, ret.) John Rakus (President, National Justice Foundation) John Rarick (Former Congressman, D-Louisiana) Vince Ryan (Editor, The Spotlight) Sherman Skolnick (Chairman, Committee to Clean Up the Courts) Maj. James H. Townsend, Ret. (Editor & Publisher, The National Educator) James P. Tucker (President, National Media Services) Tom Valentine (Host, Radio Free America) Raymond E. Walk (President, Rayan Associates, Inc.) Robert Weems (Founding Chairman, Populist Party) Some biographies may be useful in illustrating the caliber of advisors to the PAC... Mike Blair ("Investigative reporter") is a long-time reporter for Spotlight. Robert Brock is a "black nationalist" who promotes the repatriation of Black Americans and supports the so-called Pace Amendment to that end. This amendment would cause untold upheaval as it calls for the compulsory repatriation of most minorities in a period of one year. The Pace Amendment would establish mechanisms by which one's race would be judged by "a combination of blood type, ancestry, and appearance." (Aho, 261-263) Brock's unusual sense of humor was revealed in a surprise appearance at Pete Peters Identity Christian camp in 1988. Brock entered the meeting hall dressed in a KKK robe and revealed himself, at the podium, no doubt to hearty guffaws. (Scriptures, Vol. V <1988>, 20) Brock also organized a 1992 Holocaust revisionist "First [IHR] [Page 20] Amendment" conference in Southern California (Los Angeles Times 2-2-92, 1, part B) Institute for Historical Review regular Mark Weber spoke, as did Joe Fields, now with the Populist Party, and his Afrikaner-born wife Dee Fields. Joe proclaimed his belief in "the purity of the races... and the desirability of segregation." "Bo" Gritz was "featured at two Liberty Lobby conventions in 1987 and 1990." (Spotlight, 10-26-92, 5) Gritz is a regular on the Christian Identity/Patriot/Liberty Lobby circuit. Rudy Proctor, who Gritz met while attending one of Pastor Pete Peters' Christian Identity camps, paid for tapes and press releases to be sent to radio stations as part of Gritz Khun Sa publicity campaign. (Gritz, 485-486) Gritz has also worked with another prominent Christian Identity activist, Richard Flowers, of Boring, Oregon. Flowers heads up the Christian Patriot Association (CPA), which publishes "The Patriot Review" and sponsored a Gritz campaign trip to Oregon. Flowers believes that "Blacks in general have a lower IQ than whites, and most just want to come in and take over without establishing anything themselves." (The Clackamas County Review, week ending June 3, 1992, 1-2) The CPA distributes an array of literature and audio/video tapes through their 76-page book Catalog. (CPA Book Publisher Book Catalog 1992-1993) There are whole sections devoted to "Christianity - Race - Religion" and "The Jewish Issue." Audio tapes by old stand-bys of the Posse Comitatus movement, such as James Wickstrom, are available. (See Ridgeway, James. Blood in the Face. Thunder's Mouth Press, 1990, 133 for an example of a Wickstrom tape message) Holocaust revisionists are well represented with tapes by David Irving and books by Arthur Butz and Austin App. Gritz has had a direct working relationship with the CPA through the National Coalition to Reform Money and Taxes (NCRMT.) Gritz's Center for Action and the CPA, as well as a number of other "patriot" organizations are allied in this project to repeal income tax, return to the use of gold and silver, etc... The January 1992 edition of "The Petitioner" newsletter, which reports on the activities of the coalition, approvingly interviewed Gritz and his campaign manager Charlie Brown and reported on Gritz's participation in the coalition. Gritz also participated in at least one Patterson Strategy conference in October 1991 (See entry for Patterson, below) (Criminal Politics, July 1991, 29) Martin Larson's column appears practically every week in the "Spotlight." Larson writes primarily on economic matters, but manages to throw in enough other tidbits to make things interesting. For example, he feels that "the powers that be are doing everything they can to encourage breeding among welfare recipients." (Spotlight, 3-9-92, 18) [IHR] [Page 21] Roger Lourie's Devin-Adair company is a long-time source of right-wing publications. In addition, "Devin-Adair and Regnery published the greater part of those World War II revisionist studies which faulted the Roosevelt administration for intervening against the Axis powers." (Mintz, 48) Tom McIntyre was chairman of the Populist Party when they nominated "former" Klansman David Duke as their Presidential candidate in 1988. (Gritz was nominated to run as Vice Presidential candidate--see above for Gritz.) (Spotlight, 3-28-88, 4) Eustace Mullins is the author of the virulently anti-Jewish book "The Biological Jew" (Faith and Service Books, Stauton, VA, 1968). Mullins, in this lengthy comparison of Jews with biological parasites, wrote: The Jew has always functioned best as a panderer, a pornographer, a master of prostitution, an enemy of the prevailing sexual standards and prohibitions of the gentile community.... We must remember that there is no Jewish crime per se, since the existence of the Jewish parasite on the host is a crime against nature, because its existence imperils the health and life of the host... This religious ceremony of drinking the blood of an innocent gentile child is basic to the Jew's entire concept of his existence as a parasite, living off the blood of the host... The Jews do not want anyone to know what Nazism is. Nazism is simply this--a proposal that the German people rid themselves of the parasitic Jews. The gentile host dared to protest against the continued presence of the parasite, and attempted to throw it off. It was an ineffectual reaction, because it was emotional and ill-informed... Mullins' writings are a standby on the Klan/neo-Nazi circuit. A recent Sons of Liberty book list included Mullins titles such as "Jewish TV: Sick, Sick, Sick," "The Jewish War Against the Christian World," and "Easter," which the catalog tells us give a "look at the 5,000 years of history in the ongoing war between the Satanic-Jewish forces and their Babylonian religious system and the rest of humanity." (Sons of Liberty Fall 1992 catalog, New Christian Crusade Church) Lawrence Patterson addressed the national committee of the Populist Party in 1988 when they gathered for the David Duke nomination. Patterson's "Criminal Politics" newsletter carries warnings of a "Zionist Trilateral Party" conspiracy to merge the United States, the USSR, and Europe. This conspiracy is "anti-American, anti-religious, atheistic, anti-Christian, anti-Catholic, and anti- Protestant." (Criminal, 07/91, 6) Patterson's newsletter, which went [IHR] [Page 22] for $15 an issue in 1991, listed Eustace Mullins (see above) as contributing editor. Eric Butler and Ivor Benson were listed as correspondents. Butler has been a long time leader of the Australian League of Rights and is "considered a mentor by active racists and anti-semites throughout the English-speaking world." (Knight, 23) Similarly, Benson -- Information Advisor to the former Rhodesian government -- was a staunch supporter of apartheid in South Africa. (Ibid, 153) Pauline Mackey is another veteran of the David Duke campaign. Col. L. Fletcher Prouty has maintained a strong relationship with the Liberty Lobby for years. During the lengthy legal battles surrounding the Mermelstein lawsuits against the Liberty Lobby and Willis A. Carto, Prouty and fellow PAC advisory board member Lt. Col. James "Bo" Gritz were "prepared to testify as character witnesses on behalf of Liberty Lobby founder Willis A. Carto." (Spotlight, 10-7-91, 12) Prouty has been a guest on the Liberty Lobby sponsored Radio Free America program dozens of times. (I understand that the Pacifica Radio folks also broadcasts a syndicated "Radio Free America" program, which should not be confused with this one.) Prouty was a featured speaker at the 35th Liberty Lobby Board of Policy convention were he said "If anybody really wants to know what's going on in the world today, he should be reading 'Spotlight'" and explained that "one of the first enemies we have in this country is usury". (Spotlight, 10-8-90, 14) John Rarick has been "a willing enough ally of the Liberty Lobby" for years. (Mintz, 155) Rarick was a prominent activist in the segregationist white Citizens Councils. Robert Weems was the founding chairman of the Populist Party. Weems was a "voting member of party's national executive committee" in 1988, when the party nominated David Duke. (Spotlight, 3-28-88, 4) Also the founding national chairman of the PAC, Weems was a Mississippi KKK leader. (Ridgeway, 131) Weems was scheduled to speak in July 1991 at the "First National Identity-Christian Conference in Reidsville, North Carolina. His topic was "Internationalism and How it Relates to Race, Nation, and Faith." Other speakers at the conference included Eustace Mullins and Lt. Col. James "Bo" Gritz. The promotional materials for this conference included advertisements for books such as "Our Nordic Race," "White Race--True People of Israel," and "God's Call to Race." (Conference mailing, June 1991) [IHR] [Page 23] 5.0 IHR Investigates Conference Attendees The nature of the IHR can clearly be seen from the application it used for its 10th. "International Revisionist Conference", which required "Those who have not been an attendee at a previous IHR conference" to provide the names of the conference speakers, if any, "or others you may know will be attending" as personal references. If none of the speakers would vouch for you, you were required to provide "two personal references with daytime phone numbers" to permit background investigation before permitting those wishing to attend to do so. Has anyone here ever been to a convention of any scientific, medical, historical or academic organization and been required to have someone "vouch" for you before you could attend? Clearly the IHR's interest in "open debate" isn't genuine, given their obvious reluctance to permit it at their own conventions! (get pub/orgs/american/ihr/ihr.applicant) 6.0 Epilog The following extract was published anonymously to alt.revisionism in February, 1994. It indicates that Willis Carto has been purged from the IHR - the Coalition for Human Dignity's Research Department (Portland, Oregon) offered additional information in its March 1, 1994 Dignity Report. (Get pub/people/c/carto.willis/ carto.005 for the article.) From _The Journal of Historical Review_, Nov/Dec 1993, pg 25: WILLIS CARTO AND THE IHR Willis Carto is perhaps best known as the founder and director of Liberty Lobby, an organization based in Washington, DC that publishes a weekly tabloid paper, The Spotlight. Carto has also been affiliated with the Institute for Historical Review since its founding in 1978. As those who have attended recent IHR conferences know, the IHR staff acknowledges the many hours of volunteer help that he and his wife Elisabeth have contributed over the years. Neither, however, contributed financially to the IHR. Neither was involved in the IHR's day to day operations, nor was either ever a paid employee. Willis Carto did, however, occasionally act as an "agent" for the Institute and its non-profit corporate parent, the "Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc." During the past several months, facts have come to light to persuade the IHR senior staff that Carto's relationship with the IHR had become a liability. After much careful deliberation, and on advice of legal counsel, the Institute resolved to terminate this relationship. Accordingly, the corporate Board of Directors, meeting on September 25, voted unanimously to end its relationship with the Cartos. This decision has the full support of the IHR staff, including Director Tom Marcellus* and editors Mark Weber, Theodore O'Keefe and Greg Raven. (Note: it is my understanding that Mr. Marcellus has left the IHR to pursue other interests. KNM, April 5, 1995) * Mr. Marcellus has since left the IHR to pursue other interests, including the Church of Scientology. [IHR] [Page 24] Tom Martinez provides us with a fitting epilog to this document in one of the final chapters of "Brotherhood of Murder": "[A] ... self-depreciating logic is displayed when the Neo-Nazis and their allies claim that the Holocaust never occurred. In order to do that, they have to deny that their hero Hitler, with whose anti-Semitism they are in agreement, ever intended to harm the Jews. Instead, the Jews wanted to harm Hitler and bring the entire sacred Aryan supremacy movement into disrepute, which they did - with diabolical cleverness - by fabricating the Holocaust. Just as with Cutler's* analysis of The Order's failure, in denying the Holocaust, the Aryan racists are admitting they aren't capable of carrying out their own aims. Each time they appear to have tried to do so - as with the Jews in Germany or The Order - they are actually under the control of their enemy. In this way, claims of Aryan superiority become riddled with admissions of Aryan inferiority, which admissions - because they are psychologically insupportable to those making them - are readily denied through the creation of a fantasy world..." (Martinez, 206) * Eldon "Bud" Cutler, who succeeded Gary Yarbrough as security chief for the Aryan Nations in 1985 7.0 Reference Section An extensive Holocaust-related bibliography is available from our archives, at http://www.nizkor.eye.net/. In the future, as we locate sources of material specific to the IHR and Willis Carto, we will add them to this section. We have published several Holocaust-related FAQ's previous to this one, and all are available via anonymous ftp (see the beginning of this document for specifics). These research guides also provide specific bibliographic citations. The following are available now: Archive Name Subject File Name ------------ ------- ---------- auschwitz Auschwitz auschwitz.faq1 auschwitz Auschwitz auschwitz.faq2 leuchter Leuchter Report leuchter.faq1 leuchter Leuchter Report leuchter.faq2 reinhard Operation Reinhard reinhard.faq1 reinhard Operation Reinhard reinhard.faq2 [IHR] [Page 25] The Fascism and Holocaust archives are also available via anonymous ftp from: ftp.nizkor.org, in the directory /pub, and via World Wide Web (http://www.nizkor.org). 7.1 Suggesting Reading ADL Special Report. Embattled Bigots: A Split in the Ranks of the Holocaust Denial Movement. Anti-Defamation League, 1994. Diamond, Sara. Spiritual Warfare: The Politics of the Christian Right. Montreal, PQ, and New York: Black Rose Books, 1990 George, John and Laird Wilcox. Nazis, Communists, Klansmen and Others on the Fringe. New York: Promotheus, 1992 "It's Not Populism," and "When Hate Groups Come to Town: A Handbook of Effective Community Response." Center for Democratic Renewal, P.O. Box 50469, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 30302-0469. Mintz, Frank P. The Liberty Lobby and the American Right: Race, Conspiracy, and Culture. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985 Simonds, C.H. "Liberty Lobby - Willis Carto and his Fronts," National Review, September 10, 1971. (Request holocaust/ihr carto.002 for complete text.) 7.2 Glossary NCLC: The National Caucus of Labor Committees, organized by followers of Lyndon LaRouche. For a comprehensive look at LaRouche and the NCLC, see King. 7.3 Works Cited Aho, James. The Politics of Righteousness: Idaho Christian Patriotism. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1990 Anderson, Scott and John Lee Anderson. Inside the League. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1986 Caplan, Marc, ed. Hitler's Apologists: The Anti-Semitic Propaganda of Holocaust "Revisionism". Anti-Defamation League, 1993 Barrett, Stanley R. Is God a Racist? Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1987. ISBN 0802066739 Bellant, Russ. Old Nazis, the New Right, and the Republican Party. Boston: South End Press, 1991 Bilodeau, Paul. "The Zundel Trial," Toronto Star: March 4, 1988 CDC. "Fact Sheet: Holocaust Denial," Coalition for Human Dignity, P.O. Box 40344, Portland, Oregon 97240. [IHR] [Page 26] Criminal Politics, Patterson Strategy Organization, P.O. Box 37812, Cincinnati, Ohio 45222 Diamond, Sara. 'The Right's Grass Roots.' "Z" March 1992: 19+ Fielding, Nigel. The National Front. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981 Gritz, James. Called to Serve. Sandy Valley, Nevada: Lazarus Publishing Company, 1991 Hill, Ray, with Andrew Bell. The Other Face of Terror. Grafton Books, 1988 ** King, Dennis. Lyndon LaRouche and the New American Fascism. New York: Doubleday, 1989 Knight, Derrick. Beyond the Pale: The Christian Political Fringe. Lanashire: Caraf Publications, 1982 Work cited Lipstadt, Deborah E. Denying the Holocaust: The Growing Assault on Truth and Memory. New York: The Free Press (A division of Macmillan, Inc.), 1993. Martinez, Thomas, with John Guinther. Brotherhood of Murder. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1988. ISBN 0070406995 Mintz, Frank P. The Liberty Lobby and the American Right. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1985 Rauber, Paul. 'Response to letter by Mark Weber.' "The Express" January 17, 1992: 4. [PS-Express Publishing Company, P.O. Box 3198, Berkeley, California] (Request ihr express.011792 for the entire Weber letter and Rauber's response, transcribed for release to UseNet with permission) Rauber, Paul. 'Sticks and Stones' column, "The Express" January 10, 1992 (Request ihr express.011092 for the complete article, transcribed for release to UseNet with permission) Ridgeway, James. Blood in the Face. Thunder's Mouth Press, 1990 Rose, Douglas, ed. The Emergence of David Duke and the Politics of Race. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992 Scriptures for America, P.O. Box 766, LaPorte, Colorado, 80535. Seidel, Gill. The Holocaust Denial. London: Beyond the Pale Collective, 1986 [IHR] [Page 27] Spotlight, The. According to the masthead on the May 17, 1993 edition, The Spotlight is published weekly except for two issues combined into one at the beginning of the year by Cordite Fidelity, Inc. at 300 Independence Ave. SE, Washington, D.C. 20003. * * However, the Spotlight has referred to Liberty Lobby as the publisher of the Spotlight-see Section 4.2, first paragraph. Most likely Cordite Fidelity is some sort of holding company. ** The reference to the Nazi-style attire of Tyndall in the Hill book comes from the caption of an un-numbered page which is one of the photographs ("plates" I would call them) in the center of the book between pages 160 and 161. Page 61 (sixty-one) describes the Spearhead paramilitary group and its breakup by police.
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