The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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MAJOR-GENERAL ZORYA: Your Honors, yesterday afternoon I
dwelt on the fact that Case "Barbarossa" had foreseen the
necessity of annihilating the Red Army, of excluding the
possibility of a retreat into the interior of such Red Army
units as were still capable of fighting, and of obtaining,
by rapid action, a combat line for the German Fascist
invaders which would place the regions of Germany beyond the
range of the Soviet Air Force.

The final aim, according to Case "Barbarossa", was
fortification of the Astrakhan-Archangel Line, the
destruction from the air of the Ural industries, the seizure
of Leningrad and Kronstadt and, as a decisive finale, the
capture of Moscow.

The political aims which determined the military plans were
formulated by the Hitlerites in the many documents which
were read into the record in this courtroom. But these aims
were stated particularly clearly at the meeting in Hitler's
headquarters on 16th July, 1941. This document was presented
by the American Prosecution as 221-L. You will find it on
Page 141 of the document book. At this meeting Hitler,
Goering, Rosenberg, Keitel and other Fascist conspirators
were deciding, as they thought, the subsequent fortunes of
the Soviet Union.

The Crimea, together with the adjoining regions of the
Ukraine, the Baltic regions, the Byelostok Forests and the
Kola Peninsula, were declared as "annexed" to Germany. The
Volga colonies were also to
become a part of the Reich. The Baku area was envisaged as a
German military colony. Bessarabia and Odessa were to be
handed over to Roumania, while Finland was to acquire
Eastern Karelia, Leningrad and the Leningrad region.

As you well know, Your Honors, the Hitlerites always strove
to prevent their real piratical aims from receiving
publicity. At the same meeting at General Headquarters, on
16th July, 1941, Hitler, for instance, said that it was most
important not to reveal their aims to the whole world, not
to complicate their path by unnecessary declarations, and,
when offering reasons for their actions, to ascribe them
primarily to tactical intentions.

The Defendant Rosenberg stated, 20th June, 1941, at a
conference on the Eastern question -- a record of which was
presented by the American Prosecution as Document 1058-PS --
that tactics were very important and that political aims
would be determined as the occasion arose, when one slogan
or another could be given publicity. This particular excerpt
from Rosenberg's declaration you will find on Page 17 of the
Russian text of the document, which corresponds to Page 201
in the document book.

Taking this circumstance into consideration, Your Honors, it
appears of value for our investigation to refer to some
statements by the Fascist war criminaLs which concern the
period when they considered it possible to make public some
of their political aims.

In 1941-42 the Fascist hordes broke through territories of
the Soviet Union on an extensive scale and approached
Moscow. Battles were waged on the banks of the Volga.

                                                  [Page 298]
The specter of a "Greater Germany" ruling the world appeared
as a beacon before the eyes of the Hitlerite conspirators.
It would appear that the opportunity had arrived about which
defendant Rosenberg spoke when, from the standpoint of the
Fascist criminals, it was possible that "certain political
slogans could be made public."

I presented to the Tribunal, under Exhibit USSR 58 (Document
USSR 58), a document from the archives of the Defendant
Rosenberg's office relating to questions of German policy in
the occupied regions of the Caucasus. Once again I ask you
to refer to this document. I turn to Page 203 in the
document book and Page 9 of the Russian text, which is the
translation of this document.

Rosenberg, on 27th July, 1942, solved the Eastern problem in
this fashion, and I quote:

     "The Eastern problem consists in bringing the
     Baltic peoples under the influence of German
     culture and in preparing widely conceived
     military frontiers for Germany. The Ukrainian
     problem consists in securing food supplies for
     Germany and Europe and supplies of raw materials
     for the Continent.
     The problem of the Caucasus is primarily a
     political problem, and its solution means the
     expansion of Continental Europe, under German
     leadership, from the Caucasian Isthmus to the
     Near East."
On 27th November, 1941, the defendant Ribbentrop made a
report on the international situation. The text of this
report was published in No.  329-A of the "Hamburger
Fremdenblatt." I present this report as Exhibit USSR 347.

Ribbentrop said in this report:

     "I should like to summarize the consequences of
     this defeat of Soviet Russia, and of the
     occupation of the far greater part of European
     Russia in 1941, as follows:
     1. From a military point of view, England's last
     ally on the Continent has thereby ceased to exist
     as a significant factor. Germany and Italy, with
     their allies, thus become unassailable in Europe.
     And powerful forces will be released.
     2. In the economic field the Axis powers,
     together with their friends, which means the
     whole of Europe, have achieved independence from
     countries overseas. Europe has once and for all
     been freed from the threat of blockade. The grain
     and raw materials of European Russia can fully
     cover the needs of Europe. Its war production
     will serve Germany's war economy and that of her
     allies, as a result of which Europe's war
     potential will increase, and increase more
     powerfully. The organisation of this gigantic
     area is already in full swing.
     Thus, the last two decisive prerequisites for the
     victory of the Axis and its allies over England
     have been created."
I shall take the liberty of presenting another
document on this same subject. It is Goebbels' speech
in Munich, published on 19th October, 1942, in the
main organ of the Nazi Party, the "Voelkischer
Beobachter," South German edition.

The text of this speech is presented to the Military
Tribunal as Exhibit USSR 250. That is on Page 205 in
the document book.

In his address Goebbels said:

     "...over and above that, we have captured the
     most important grain, coal and iron ore producing
     regions of the Soviet Union. What the enemy has
     lost we now possess. And since what the enemy
     lacks has come to us, it is, according to Adam
     Riese, of double value. While in the past we were
     a people without space, this is today no longer
     the case. To-day we have only to give a shape to
     this space conquered by our soldiers, to organize
     it and render it useful to us, and this requires
     a certain period of time.
                                            [Page 299]
     But if the English were to contend that we have
     lost the war because we have lost time, then this
     contention will only prove how completely they
     have misunderstood the entire situation. Time
     only works against those who have no space and no
     raw materials. If we make use of our time to
     organize the space we have conquered, then time
     will work not against us, but for us."

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