Archive/File: imt/nca/supp-b/nca-sb-02-pohl.08 Last-Modified: 1997/12/10 Nazi Conspiracy & Aggression, Supplement B German Firms Which Used Concentration Camp Labor Excerpts from Testimony of Oswald Pohl, taken at Nurnberg, Germany, 7 June 1946, 1400-1615, by Lt. Col. Smith W. Brookhart, Jr., IGD. Also present: Joseph Maier, Interpreter; Mabel A. Lesser, Reporter. [Page 1593] Q. After your first meeting with Speer in 1943 on the labor problems how often would you see him thereafter? A. Perhaps two or three times, on which occasions I discussed other matters with him, for instance, the providing of wood for the construction of barracks. [Page 1594] Q. How often did you communicate with him by phone or letter? A. I had very, very little to do with Speer altogether. Q. Were you always able to meet his demands for labor? A. We never received any requests from the office of Speer directly because we received them from the individual firms. But it did happen that his subordinate, Saur, called up and suggested that more inmates be sent to this or that firm. Q. What were the names of the firms? A. There were thousands of firms. All the armament firms that were in Germany came with their requests to us. Whether it was the Steel Works down to the last factories, they came with requests to us. Q. I want the names of the principal firms. A. The names of the main firms, as far as I recall them, were: Heinkel, Messerschmitt, Salzgitter, Brabag-A.G., but there were many, many more. Q. How about Siemens-Schuchert? A. I do not recall, that question I wish to leave open. Q. I.G. Farben? A. Yes, the I.G. Farben people had the Buna works in Auschwitz. Q. Krupp? A. Yes, the Krupps had the Berta works in Breslau. Q. Hermann Goering Werke? A. The Salzgitter firm is a part of the Hermann Goering Werke. Q. What about Hermann Goering Werke Coal Mines? A. I do not recall anything about that. I recall that I saw the Salzgitter Werke and I saw the Berta Werke of Krupp's. Q. Perhaps it will help you to recall if I mention Dr. Henie of the Hermann Goering Coal Works at Brescze, who, with permission, visited Auschwitz every year and who worked 2,000 inmates from that camp. A. Yes, I recall him, that is quite true. Yes, there was a labor camp. Q. Perhaps you will recall more about Siemens-Schuchert if I ask you about an agreement between yourself and Maurer of your Division D(II). A. Where should that have been? Q. I am not sure of the location but it was an arrangement made with your agreement. A. It is entirely possible but I cannot say anything definite at [Page 1595] this moment. Perhaps it will come to me later. The SS was a tremendous organization and I do not recall the details at this moment. It is entirely possible, however, that an agreement was made. Q. Then on a more general basis can you tell us about the problem in 1944 which arose after 100,000 inmates had been promised for labor in Landsberg and Muehldorf and their complex of camps in southern areas and about which Speer complained to you that your Division D was unwilling to furnish these workers? A. They could not have delivered so many inmates. Where should they take these 100,000 inmates from? I know about Landsberg and Muehldorf; I was once in Muehldorf myself. There were two huge subterranean warehouses which Speer had established there and in both places there were labor camps which had been filled by inmates from Dachau, I believe. but I do not know about sending 100,000 inmates to these places because there were only 30,000 inmates in Dachau. I do not know how large the labor camps there were actually. The labor camp in Muehldorf was rather large. I do not know anything about the one in Landsberg. I was not there.
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