Archive/File: imt/nca/nca-06/nca-06-3717-ps Last-Modified: 1997/08/06 Nazi Conspiracy & Aggression, Volume VI Translation of Document 3717-PS [Page 434] STATEMENT 1. From the beginning of the war in 1939 until autumn 1940 - I was Ia of the Operations Section of the OKH, and from autumn 1940-20 July 1944 I was chief of that section. When Hitler took over supreme command of the Army, he gave to the chief of the General Staff of the Army the function of advising him on all operational matters in the Russian theater. This made the chief of the General Staff of the Army responsible for all matters in the operational areas in the east, while the OKW was responsible for all matters outside the operational areas, for instance all troops (security units, SS units, police) stationed in the Reichscommissariate. All police and SS units in the Reichscommissariate were also subordinate to the Reichsfuehrer-SS. When it was necessary to transfer such units into operational areas, this had to be done by order of the chief of the OKW. On the other hand, corresponding transfers from the front to the rear were ordered by the OKW with the concurrence of the chief of the General Staff of the Army. The high SS and police leaders normally had command of operations against partisans. If stronger army units were committed together with the SS and police units within operational areas, a high commander of the army could be designated commander of the operation. During anti-partisan operations within operational areas all forces committed for these operations were under the command of the respective commander-in-chief of the army group. 2. Directives as to the manner and methods of carrying on counter-partisan operations were issued by the OKW [Keitel] to the OKH upon orders from Hitler and after consultation with Himmler. The OKH was responsible merely for the transmission of these orders to army groups, for instance orders like those concerning the treatment to be accorded to commissars and communists, those concerning the manner of prosecuting by courts martial army personnel who had committed offenses against the population as well as those establishing the basic principles governing reprisals against the inhabitants. 3. The detailed working out of all matters involving the treatment of the local populace as well as anti-partisan warfare in operational areas, in pursuance of orders from the OKW, was the responsibility of the Generalquartiermeister of the OKH. 4. It had always been my personal opinion that the treatment of the civilian population and the methods of anti-partisan warfare in operational areas presented the highest political and military leaders with a welcome opportunity of carrying out their plans, namely the systematic extermination of Slavism and Jewry. Entirely independent of this, I always regarded these cruel methods as military insanity, because they only helped to make combat against the enemy unnecessarily more difficult. [signed] HEUSINGER, Generalleutnant. OBERURSEL: SS Before me, Walter H. Rapp, Captain, Cavalry, ASN O-454231, an officer duly qualified to take oaths, appeared General Heusinger to me known, who in my presence signed the foregoing "Erklaerung" (statement) consisting of two pages in the German language, and swore that the same was true on the 1st day of December 1945. [signed] Walter H. Rapp WALTER H. RAPP Captain, CAV O-454231
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