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Last-Modified: 1997/11/07

As Exhibit USSR 244, I present an urgent telegram from the
defendant Keitel, addressed to Marshal Antonescu and
received by the latter on 31st October, 1942.

I shall not explain in detail how this document was taken
from the personal archives of Antonescu, in the same way as
the previous one. I now read this telegram into the record
and would ask you to accept it as evidence (to be found on
Page 119 of the document book):

     "Urgent telegram transmitted through the German Mission.
     To Marshal Antonescu.
     Your Excellency,
     In the name of the Fuehrer I approach Your Excellency
     with a request for your personal intervention in the
     matter of accelerating, as far as possible, the
     delivery of the maximum possible quantity of fuel to
     the Italian Fleet, which is absolutely essential to the
     it for the continuance of military operations in the
     Mediterranean. The lack sufficient fuel has resulted in
     a critical situation in North Africa, and the transport
     both of military material and of food supplies depends
     entirely on the delivery of adequate quantities of that
     commodity.  I beg Your Excellency to increase to the
     maximum degree those deliveries of fuel to Italy which
     are exclusively reserved for supplying the fleet called
     upon to maintain important positions in the
     I have decided on a direct appeal to you because I am
     sure that your personal intervention will result in the
     assistance required.
     Yours in comradely esteem Keitel, Field Marshal."
Allow me, now, to submit the telegram which Antonescu sent
in reply to Keitel. Please turn to Page 120 of the document
book (Exhibit USSR 244a).
THE PRESIDENT: Could you summarize the contents of this

MAJOR-GENERAL ZORYA: I can summarize the contents of that
telegram in two sentences. In reply to the defendant
Keitel's tearful appeal to increase to the maximum degree
the fuel supplies, Antonescu replied, in a wire addressed to
Keitel, that he had met his obligations in full; that the
supplies previously requested by the German officials had
already been delivered and that it was impossible to send
any more. If something could eventually be saved from the
quantities needed inside Roumania then perhaps, somehow or
other, Roumania might be able to help her Allies. Finally,
Antonescu begged General Keitel to accept his expressions of
regard and high esteem, but would not give him anymore oil.

                                                  [Page 287]
Allow me to remind you, Your Honours, that in October and
November, 1942, Rommel's fate was being decided in North
Africa, and that at the same time the Red Army was barring
Germany's advance on the Grozny and Baku oil fields on the
borders of Mozdok. It is obvious that the Germans lacked
sufficient quantities of crude oil.

I shall read one extract from the minutes of a conversation
which took place on 12th February, 1942, between Antonescu
and the defendant Ribbentrop, which has not, as yet, been
read into the record. I have previously submitted to the
Tribunal the record of this conversation as Exhibit USSR
233. I ask you to turn to the end of Page 51 and to Page 52
of the document book, which correspond to Page 4 of the
Russian text. There you will find the following lines.

In reply to Ribbentrop's question on the subject of crude
oil, Antonescu stated:

     "As for crude oil, Roumania has contributed the maximum
     which it was in her power to contribute; she can give
     no more. The only way out of the situation would be to
     seize territories rich in oil."
We should note here that Antonescu was not at all original
in his idea of seizing other people's territories rich in

I am asking Your Honours to refer to Pages 121-129 of the
document book. There is one document taken from the private
office of the defendant Rosenberg, which is entitled,
"Reorganisation of the Caucasus." I submit this document to
the Tribunal as Exhibit USSR 58, and I would ask you to
accept it as evidence. In July, 1941, the defendant
Rosenberg formulated the German opinion on this question
(Page 122 of the document book) as follows:

     "Germany is interested in creating a stable position in
     the entire Caucasus in order to secure the safety of
     Continental Europe, i.e., to safeguard for herself the
     link with the Near East. Only this link with the
     oilfields that can make Germany and the rest of Europe
     independent, in the event of any coalition of maritime
     Powers. The aim of German policy is to control the
     Caucasus and the adjoining lands to the South, both
     politically and militarily."
Will you please turn to Page 124 of the document book, as
well as to Page 4 of the Russian text of the document from
which I am quoting. The same idea is formulated there by the
defendant Rosenberg with extreme clarity:

     "Economically, the German Reich must take all oil into
     its hands."
Your Honours, I shall not dwell in detail on the relations
between the Fascist conspirators and their other satellite,
Finland, as the witness, Buschenhagen, offered sufficiently
conclusive evidence on this question, and the Tribunal has
probably already got some definite ideas on the subject. I
would just like to remind the Tribunal that, according to
paragraph 3, section 2, of Case "Barbarossa,":

     Finland was to cover the advance of the German landing
     detachment "North," consisting of units of the 21st
     Group, which was due to arrive from Norway, and then to
     operate jointly with that Group. According to Plan
     "Barbarossa," the liquidation of the Russian forces at
     Hangoe was also assigned to Finland.
I would also like to remind the Tribunal that Section 2 of
the "Temporary Case "Barbarossa"," which has been presented
to the Tribunal by the American prosecution as Document No.
39-C, mentions Finland's participation in the war; as I have
already reported to the Tribunal, the following sentence is
to be found in this Section (which corresponds to Page 52 of
the document book):

                                                  [Page 288]

     "The preliminary negotiations with the Finnish General
     Staff have been under way since 25th May."
I should also like to invite your attention to the following
paragraph of the same document:

     "Provision has been made for transportation from the
     Fatherland to Norway of the 10th S.S. Division and the
     18th Artillery Battalion, and for transportation to
     Finland of one reinforced infantry division complete
     with Army Corps units. Of the units one infantry
     division, two mountain divisions and the S.S. Group
     `North' are designated for Plan `Silver Fox.'
     It has been planned, on the outbreak of military
     operations, to bring by rail, through Sweden, a further
     division for the attack on Hangoe."
I consider that I am now justified in stating that the date
of 25th May, 1941, indicated in the "Temporary Case
"Barbarossa"" as the date on which the negotiations with the
Finnish General Staff were opened, was incorrect.

The indication of this date, which did not correspond to
reality, was an attempt to disguise the preparations for
aggression, presenting them to the outside world as
preparations for a so-called "Preventive War."

In addition to the testimony of the witness Buschenhagen,
already given to the Tribunal, I shall now present, as
Exhibit USSR 229, the depositions of a former Colonel of the
German Army, Kitchmann, which I beg you to accept as

Kitchmann held the office of Military Attache in the German
Embassy at Helsinki from 1st October, 1941. You will find
this testimony on Page 130 of the document book. I shall
read a very short extract therefrom into the record:

     "Top Secret. A long time before 22nd June, 1941, the
     German Government and the High Command of the German
     Armed Forces jointly carried out secret negotiations
     with the Finnish Government and the General Staff of
     the Finnish Army, and prepared the attack on the Soviet
     Union. I learned about the preparation for the attack
     on the Soviet Union by the German and Finnish Armies
     under the following circumstances. On my arrival at
     Helsinki in October, 1941, as acting German Military
     Attache, I had numerous conversations with Major von
     Albedill, the aide of the German Military Attache, who
     formerly served in the Military Attache's Department in
     the General Staff of the Army.
     Von Albedill acquainted me with the situation in
     Finland and its military and political background,
     since Major-General Rossing, the Military Attache, was
     seriously ill and receiving treatment at the health
     resort of Merano in the Tyrol. In the course of these
     conversations von Albedill told me that as early as
     September, 1940, Major-General Rossing, acting on an
     order of Hitler and of the German General Staff, had
     arranged the visit of Major-General Talwel, the
     Plenipotentiary of Marshal Mannerheim, to the Fuehrer's
     headquarters in Berlin. During this visit an agreement
     was reached between the German and Finnish General
     Staffs for joint preparations for a war of aggression,
     and its execution, against the Soviet Union. In this
     connection General Talwel told me, during a conference
     at his staff headquarters in Aunosa in November, 1941,
     that he, acting on Marshal Mannerheim's personal
     orders, had as far back as September, 1940 -- been one
     of the first to contact the German High Command with a
     view to joint preparation for a German and Finnish
     attack on the Soviet Union."
I ask your permission to conclude herewith the presentation
of the documents concerning the relations between Fascist
Germany and her satellite, Finland, since -- I repeat --
Buschenhagen's testimony has relieved me of this necessity.

I should like to summarise one aspect briefly.
Buschenhagen's testimony disposes of all attempts to assert
that the war waged by Finland was a separate

                                                  [Page 289]
war and was disassociated from the war aims of Fascist
Germany. Finland's entry into the war had been envisaged in
the war plans of the Fascist conspirators and corresponded
to the aggressive intentions of the Finnish rulers.

The Finns, like the other satellites of Germany, waged war
in the hope of gaining whole regions and republics of the
Soviet Union.

At the conference of 16th July, 1941, Hitler spoke of the
Finnish claims to Eastern Karelia, the Leningrad region and
the city of Leningrad. In proof of this fact I refer to
Document 221-L presented by the American prosecution. The
extracts quoted from this document will be found on Page 141
of the document book.

Roumania and Finland were two German satellites discussed in
full detail in Case "Barbarossa."

The part these countries played in the plans of German
fascism was determined not only by the desire to utilize
their war potential (which without doubt was of some
importance) but also by their geographical position as
operational bases on the flanks of the Soviet Union.

The documents presented to the Tribunal bear witness to the
fact that the inclusion of these countries in the
preparation for attack against the U.S.S.R. had been
carefully plotted by the Fascist conspirators, in the same
way as were all the preparations connected with Case

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