The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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My next quotation is from the first 10 lines of Page 9 of
the English text. The German text is at Page 19, Lines 11 to

     "Our problem is not to replace intensive food
     production in Europe through the incorporation of new
     space in the East, but to replace imports from overseas
     by imports from the East. The task is two-fold:--
     1. We must use the Eastern spaces for overcoming the
     food shortages during and after the war. This means
     that we must not be afraid of drawing upon the capital
     substance of the East. Such an intervention is much
     more acceptable from the European standpoint than
     drawing upon the capital substance of Europe's

Finally, I quote from the remainder of Page 9 to the end of
the penultimate paragraph of the English text. The German
text appears at Lines 24 to 31 of Page 19.

     "2. For the future New Order, the food-producing areas
     in the East must be turned into a permanent and
     substantial complementary source of food for Europe,
     through intensified cultivation and resulting higher
     The first-named task must be accomplished at any price,
     even through the most ruthless cutting down of Russian
     domestic consumption, which will require discrimination
     between the consuming and producing zones."

It is submitted, your Honour, that this document discloses,
on its face, a studied plan to murder millions of innocent
people through starvation. It reveals a programme of
premeditated murder of millions of innocent people through
starvation. It reveals a programme of premeditated murder on
a scale so vast as to stagger the human imagination. Major
Elwyn Jones, of the British delegation, will subsequently
show that this plan was, in effect, the logical culmination
of general objectives clearly announced by Adolf Hitler in
Mein Kampf. Each defendant in the box was fully aware of
these general objectives when he committed the acts with
which he is charged.

I next introduce in evidence a document no less damaging
than the one I have just quoted. This document is Number L-
221, which is Exhibit USA 317. This is a top secret
memorandum, dated 16th July, 1941, of a conference at the
Fuehrer's headquarters, concerning the war in the East. It
seems to have been prepared by defendant Bormann because his
initials appear at the top of Page 1. It was captured by the
United States Counter-Intelligence branch.

The text of the memorandum indicates that the conference was
attended by Hitler, Lammers and defendants Goering, Keitel,
Rosenberg and Bormann.

The exhibit is particularly important for the light it
throws upon the conspirators' plans to Germanise conquered
areas of the Soviet Union. It is important also for its
disclosure of the utterly fraudulent character of the whole
Nazi propaganda programme. It shows how the conspirators
sought to deceive the entire world; how they pretended to
pursue one course of action when their aims and purposes
were to follow precisely the opposite course.

                                                    [Page 8]
I first quote from Page 1 of the English text, beginning at
Line 14 of Page 1 and continuing through to Line 22 of Page
2. The German text is at Page 1, beginning with the last
paragraph and continuing through to Line 19 of Page 2. I

     "A. Now it was essential that we did not publicise our
     aims before the world; also there was no need for that,
     but the main thing was that we ourselves knew what we
     wanted. By no means should we render our task more
     difficult by making superfluous declarations. Such
     declarations were superfluous because we could do
     everything wherever we had the power, and what was
     beyond our power we would not be able to do anyway.
     What we told the world about the motives for our
     measures ought to be conditioned, therefore, by
     tactical reasons. We ought to act here in exactly the
     same way as we did in the cases of Norway, Denmark,
     Holland, and Belgium. In these cases, too, we did not
     publish our aims, and it was only sensible to continue
     in the same way.
     Therefore, we shall emphasize again that we were forced
     to occupy, administer, and secure a certain area; it
     was in the interest of the inhabitants that we provided
     order, food, traffic, etc., hence our measures. Nobody
     shall be able to recognise that it initiates a final
     settlement. This need not prevent our taking all
     necessary measures -- shooting, desettling, etc. -- and
     we shall take them.
     But we do not want to make any people our enemies
     prematurely and unnecessarily. Therefore we shall act
     as though we wanted to exercise a mandate only. At the
     same time we must know clearly that we shall never
     leave those countries. Our conduct therefore ought to
     1. To do nothing which might obstruct the final
     settlement, but to prepare for it only in secret;
     2. To emphasize that we are liberators.
     In particular:--
     The Crimea has to be evacuated by all foreigners and to
     be settled by Germans only.
     In the same way the former Austrian part of Galicia
     will become Reich Territory. Our present relations with
     Roumania are good, but nobody knows what they will be
     in the future. This we have to consider, and we have to
     draw our frontiers accordingly. One ought not to be
     dependent on the good will of other people. We have to
     plan our relations with Roumania in accordance with
     this principle.
     We have now to face the task of cutting up the giant
     cake according to our needs, in order to be able:--
          first, to dominate it;
          second, to administer it;
          and third, to exploit it.
     The Russians have now ordered partisan warfare behind
     our front. This partisan war again has some advantage
     for us; it enables us to eradicate everyone who opposes
     Never again must it be possible to create a military
     power West of the Urals, even if we have to wage war
     for a hundred years in order to attain this goal. Every
     successor of the Fuehrer should know that security for
     the Reich exists only if there are no foreign military
     forces West of the
                                                    [Page 9]
     Urals: it is Germany who undertakes the protection of
     this area against all possible dangers. Our iron
     principle is and has to remain:
     We must never permit anybody but the Germans to carry

I next quote from Page 3, Lines 19 to 31 of the English
text. In the German text this is at the last 13 lines of
Page 5:

     "The Fuehrer emphasizes that the entire Baltic country
     will have to be incorporated into Germany.

     At the same time, the Crimea, including a considerable
     hinterland (situated North of the Crimea), should
     become Reich territory; the hinterland should be as
     large as possible.
     Rosenberg objects to this because of the Ukrainians
     living there.  (Incidentally, it occurred to me several
     times that Rosenberg has a soft spot for the
     Ukrainians; thus he desires to aggrandise the former
     Ukraine to a considerable extent.)"

Departing from the text for just a moment, it may be noted
parenthetically that this was the only aspect of the
programme outlined by Hitler at this meeting to which
Rosenberg objected in any way. Resuming the quotation:--

     "The Fuehrer emphasizes furthermore that the Volga
     colony, too, will have to become Reich territory, also
     the district around Baku; the latter will have to
     become a German concession (military colony)."

Thus the programme, as outlined by the conspirators at this
meeting of 16th July, 1941, called for the unlawful
incorporation of a part of Galicia and all of the Baltic
countries into Germany, and for the unlawful conversion of
the Crimea and areas North of it, the Volga territory, and
the district around Baku, into German colonies.

In further support of this point, I invite the attention of
your Honour to Document 1020-PS, already introduced in
evidence by Mr. Alderman, as Exhibit USA 145. This document
was not included in our document book, your Honour, but has
been read into the record by Mr. Alderman, Pages 1202 and
1203. This document is entitled, "Instructions for a Reich
Commissioner in the Baltic Countries and White Russia".

THE PRESIDENT: Where are you quoting from?

CAPTAIN HARRIS: Sir, it is not included in our document
book, but it is in the record, at Pages 1202 and 1203. In
the German text, the original of which we have here, it is
at Pages 2 and 3.

     "The aim of a Reich Commissar for Estonia, Latvia,
     Lithuania, and White Ruthenia (last two words added in
     pencil) must be to strive to achieve the form of a
     German protectorate, and then transform the region into
     part of the Greater German Reich by Germanising
     racially possible elements, colonising Germanic races
     and banishing undesirable elements. The Baltic Sea must
     become a Germanic inland sea, under the guardianship of
     Greater Germany."

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