The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: places/poland/wlodawa/wlodawa.005


Newsgroups: alt.revisionism
Subject: Life and Fall of Wlodowa: Testimony Against Nitschke (German SD)       
Summary: from the Yizkor book of Wlodawa
Reply-To: kmcvay@nizkor.org
Followup-To: alt.revisionism
Organization: The Nizkor Project, Vancouver Island, CANADA
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Archive/File: places/poland/wlodawa/wlodawa.005
Last-modified: 1993/03/16

              The Life and Fall of Wlodawa and Surroundings
                   Translated by Shoshana Leszczynski
             (Transcribed by Ken McVay, kmcvay@nizkor.org)

        [Please refer to Wlodawa.001 for transcription comments]

             TESTIMONY AGAINST THE HEAD OF THE SD NITSHKE  
                   FROM JEWS OF WLODOWA WHO SURVIVED

We, the undersigned attest herewith:

In December 1939 Nitschke arrive in our town Wlodowa with his assistants
of about 15 SD-men. We remember the names of the following helpers: 
Hammer, Schwab and Mueller. They expelled the Polish officials from
their official agency "Dom Osnadnizce" in the Rosanke-Pilsudski street
and occupied it. Two days later Nitsche sent 50 Jews as hostages to
Chelm, where they were beaten up cruelly and the next day they returned
exhausted, all had been ill and some even died.

The following were among the 50 who returned:

Hershel Feigenbaum, Gershon Seidmann, Jechiel Grinhois, Elieser
Grinhois, Shalom Lemberger, Jechskel Lichtenstein, Nachum Jablonek,
elieser Josl Rolzmann, Moshe Sachover, Jossl Goldmann, Israel Zimmer,
Moshe Mandelbaum, Jechiel Eisenberg, Jeshajahu Zerwangure, David
Holzmann, David Alamotzki, Motel Reichmann, Mendel Lipshitz.

On the same day Nitsche ordered the formation of the "Judenrat"
demanding 50,000 Zloty contribution as ransom for these hostages. The
money was collected and immediately delivered. From the year 1939 until
1942 when he left, Nitshke was the active leader of the town.

He issued the following directives: that Jewish men and women had to
wear a white ribbon with a blue Magen David. He called it the
"Judenschande", that is, the shame of the Jews. If he met someone not
wearing the ribbon he himself shot him. His assistants did the same.

It was forbidden to go on the pavement.

It was forbidden to buy or sell something to a farmer. For such a sin he
was shot.

He also ordered to hand over all kind of furs belonging to the Jews
and if one did not obey his fate was to die.

He himself killed the baker Moshe Schwarz and his wife because of an old
fur coat they did not deliver.

The following sins were punished by death: If you were not registered,
or you had returned from the Russian side, not wearing the ribbon,
leaving the town, walking on a road which was "JUDENVERBOT", ritual
slaughtering, etc. 

For such sins the following were put to death: Motel Barnholz, Neta
Rotenberg, Motel Provesnik, Zilel Kreis, Yankel Aklois, Chaim
Kunfmacher, Chaim Machles, Mendel Barnholz, Joshua Goldfarb, David
Leidmann, Moshe Rabiner, Jidl Leon, Jidl Hibschmann, Alter Spirstein,
his wife and his 2 daughters Feige and Chana, and others whose names we
cannot remember because there were Jews in our town who came from other
towns such as: Kalish, Miliz, Lublin, and even other countries such as
Germany and Austria.

He imprisoned the Admor of Radianai, the Rabbi Schmuel Shlomo Leiner.
The town paid a high ransom to Nitshke to spare the life of the rabbi.

He sent him across the Bug to Tomaszowka where he worked in paving roads
and building bridges. After a few days he was returned according to the
order of Nitschke and shot at the Jewish cemetry , and afterwards
his cousin was killed.

According to the order of Nitschke the Polish intellectuals were sent to
Auschwitz. Among these we remember: Slasnivitz (a steel trader) with his
2 sons, the son of the lawyer Kashinski, the son of Dr. Rosniak,
Slipiwitz -- the head of the police, Dirk -- the school principal, the
industrial lecturer and lawyer of the former District Governor, Philp --
teacher in Wlodowa and approximately another 3 peope. From Auschwitz
they did not return. Some familes received only -- little urns with
ashes. On Passover Eve 1941, Nitshke ordered to bring him 125 Jews from
Wlodowa to transfer them to work to Sobibor. Approximately 2 months
later 3 Jews came running back. Shamai Treibermann, Schmuel Machles and
Mathes. All three were completely naked and related that in Sobibor they
had been forced to build gas chambers and they were immediately tested
by some hundreds of Jews who had constructed them. Only those three
succeeded in escaping.

                           THE FIRST ACTION

On Friday, Shavouth Eve 1942, Nitshke orderred  the "Judenrat" to
provide him with 1500 weak, crippled and underdeveloped Jews who were
rushed up to the cinema "Sachante" at 10.00 o'clock in the evening. The
"SS"-men threw grenades into the hall killing many of the Jews there.
After having them pulled out from the cinema they were driven away to
the railway of Orchowka.

Many fell down and were shot on the way. Polish carts riding after them
gathered the corpses immediately. From Orchowka all the Jews were
transported to the death camp of Sobibor.

One Jew named Gross, the owner of the pharmacy of Wlodawa hid in the
cinema and the next day he told about the terrible events. On the first
day of the holidays, security police and Volks-deutsche (Germans born in
Poland) invaded Jewish houses taking out about 1000 Jews enforcing 
them to run all the way to Sobibor on foot.

After this action, the town quieted down and it was again possible to
walk around.

                        THE CHILDREN'S ACTION

On Saturday morning July 24th, 1942, Nitshke gave out the new order to
the "Judenrat" that all the Jews should bring their children to the
commander at the sport yard. Trucks stood already waiting.

About 700 children were brought by the Jews and Nitshke gave a sign to
his people to fall upon the Jews and tear children out of their hands,
throwing them on the cars like wood blocks. The parents were sent away
from the yard and the shouting and screaming were heart-bursting.

This work was carried out by Nitshke's assistants and the Ukrainian
Police.

Many parents, among them the Rabbi of Wlodowa, the Rabbi Mendel
Morgenstern refused to leave their children alone with the murderers and
joined them in Sobibor.

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