The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: places/poland/warsaw/warsaw.001


Newsgroups: alt.revisionism,soc.history
Subject: Holocaust Almanac: Warsaw
Followup-To: alt.revisionism
Organization: The Old Frog's Almanac, Vancouver Island, CANADA
Keywords: Heydrich,Treblinka,Warsaw

Archive/File: holocaust/poland warsaw.01
Last-modified: 1993/04/18

'In late September 1939... Heydrich began to place all Polish Jews in
ghettos, where they could slowly die of hunger and disease. The Warsaw
ghetto was the largest of these segregated areas established by the
Nazis in Poland.

In the summer of 1940 Heydrich, using the excuse that the spread of
typhus had to be contained, set up a special section 11 miles in
circumference enclosed by a brick wall 10 feet high.

In September 1940 more than 80,000 gentile Poles living in the
"infected area" were ordered to leave, and the next month about
140,000 Jews living elsewhere in the city were moved in with the
240,000 still in the ghetto. Some 360,000 Jews, a third of Warsaw's
population, were herded into a 3.5-square-mile area. 300 to 400 died
daily... More than 43,000 starved to death during the first year, and
37,000 in the first nine months of 1942.

...Mass deportations to the gas chambers at Treblinka began. In two
months 300,000 Jews were eliminated.

...Fewer than 100 escaped, and of those, only a handful survived the
war.' (Encyclopedia of the Third Reich, by Dr. Louis L. Snyder, Professor of
History, The City College and The City University of New York. Paragon
House, New York, 1989. ISBN 1-55778-144-3)

Mary Berg left us this record of the atmosphere in the Warsaw Ghetto, which
she wrote on January 10, 1941:

"Last night we went through several hours of mortal terror. At about 11:00
P.M. a group of Nazi gendarmes broke into the room where our house committee
was holding a meeting. The Nazis searched the men, took away whatever money
they found, and then ordered the women to strip, hoping to find concealed
diamonds. Our subtenant, Mrs. R., who happened to be there, courageously
protested, declaring that she would not undress in the presence of men. For
this she received a resounding slap on the face and was searched even more
harshly than the other women. The women were kept naked for more than two
hours while the Nazis put their revolvers to their breats and private parts
and threatened to shoot them all if they did not disgorge dollars or
diamonds. The beasts did not leave until 2:00 A.M., carrying a scanty loot
of a few watches, some paltry rings, and a small sum in Polish zlotys. They
did not find either diamonds or dollars. The inhabitants of the ghetto
expect such attacks every night, but this does not stop the meetings of the
house committees." (Berg, Mary. Warsaw Ghetto: A Diary. pseud. Mary
Wattenberg. Trans. Sylvia Glass and Norbert Guterman. New York: Fisher,
1945)

To feel some of the pain and terror associated with the life of the Warsaw
Ghetto, we need only consider the following, and ask ourselves what it must
have been like living there....

        Deportations to Treblinka - The District of Warsaw

Date of Deportation	Town		Number of Deportees
-------------------------------------------------------------------
			Warsaw County 
-------------------------------------------------------------------
July 22-Aug. 28, 1942	Warsaw		      199,500
September 3-12				       52,000
September 21				        2,200
Jan. 18-22, 1943			        6,000
April 19 - May 15			       15,000

(In the ghetto there were over 100,000 Jews expelled from the counties
of Grojec, Lowicz, Skierniewice, and Sochaczew-Blonie in
February-March 1941.)

August 19-20, 1942	Falenica		6,500
			Otwock			7,000
			Rembertow		1,800
			Ludwisin		3,000
			Radzymin		3,000
			Wolomin			2,200
			Jadow			  700
-------------------------------------------------------------------
			Garwolin County
-------------------------------------------------------------------
September 27		Laskarzew		1,240
October 2		Parysow			3,440
         	 	Sobienie-Jeziory	3,680
         		Sobolew			1,640
         		Zelechow	       10,000	
-------------------------------------------------------------------
			Minsk-Mazowiecki County
-------------------------------------------------------------------
August 21-22		Minsk-Mazowiecki	6,120
September 15-27		Kaluszyn		6,000
			Kolbiel			1,000
			Mrozy Kuflew		1,000
			Siennica		  700
			Stanislawow		  700
-------------------------------------------------------------------
			Siedlce County
-------------------------------------------------------------------
August 22-24, September 26,
November 30		Siedlce		       11,700
August 22		Losice			5,500
			Mordy			3,800
-------------------------------------------------------------------
			Sokolow-Wegrow County
-------------------------------------------------------------------
September 22-25		Sokolow-Podlaski	5,800
			Wegrow			8,300
			Kosow-Lacki		1,100
			Sterdyn			1,100
			Stoczek			2,000

Excerpted from....----------------------------------------------
BELZEC, SOBIBOR, TREBLINKA - the Operation Reinhard Death Camps
Indiana University Press - Yitzhak Arad, 1987. ISBN 0-253-3429-7
----------------------------------------------------------------
Files used for these news posts are available to anyone upon request.
Send email to kmcvay@oneb.almanac.bc.ca and request oneb-txt.zip or
oneb-txt.tar.Z - it will be uuencoded and sent to you as soon as I 
can get around to it.
----------------------------------------------------------------
Other Warsaw reference works from our bibliography include:

Czerniakow. `The Warsaw Diary of Adam Czerniakow', R. Hilberg, S. Staron,
Friedman, Philip (ed). "Martyrs and Fighters: The Epic of the Warsaw Ghetto"
Gutman, Yisrael. `The Jews of Warsaw 1939-1943,' Tel Aviv, 1977 
Kurzman, Dan. "The Bravest Battle: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising" 
Ringelblum, Emmanuel. "Notes From the Warsaw Ghetto" New York: McGraw Hill, 1958
CZERNIAKOW, Adam, 1880-1942.    The Warsaw diary of Adam... 1979
GUTMAN, Israel.                 The Jews of Warsaw, 1939-1943 :... 1982
KAPLAN, Chaim Aron, 1880-       Scroll of agony; the Warsaw diary... 1965
KAPLAN, Chaim Aron, 1880-       The Warsaw diary of Chaim A. Kaplan. 1973
KORCZAK, Janusz, 1878-1942.     The Warsaw Ghetto memoirs of... 1979
RINGELBLUM, Emanuel, 1900-      Notes from the Warsaw ghetto; the... 1958
The Warsaw ghetto in photographs : 206 views made in 1941. 
(Please obtain our bibliography for complete listings)


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