Archive/File: fascism/germany bg.061294 Last-Modified: 1994/06/22 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Ron Rizzo) Newsgroups: talk.politics.misc,ne.politics Subject: Computers Spread the Word for Neo-Nazis Date: 14 Jun 1994 15:37:08 GMT Distribution: world Message-ID: <email@example.com> Summary: European Nazis go hi-tech Keywords: use Internet, bboards, e-mailboxes, fax machines, cellular phones COMPUTERS SPREAD THE WORD FOR NEO-NAZIS Folks, Attached are 2 articles and a chart from Sunday's Boston Globe describing how neo-Nazis are using hi tech, particularly computers, to publicize, organize, and elude the police as they engage in assaults and arson. Last year German authorities found that neo-Nazis made intensive use of cellular phones to coordinate riots against "foreigners." Now the word is they're making heavy use of fax machines and particularly computer mailboxes, bulletin boards and networks, including the Internet (see below). Information exchanged includes recipes for homemade bombs. And where computers can't, or don't yet, go, neo-Nazis are travelling in person to recruit and incite. There is a lot of international organizing occurring right now and Nazi activists are often on the road. European police report many groups are already closely linked both within and across national borders. German neo-Nazis believe that this time, to establish a Fourth Reich, they must not limit the movement to Germany, and are making a serious effort to establish movements in other countries, particularly the chaotic and vulnerable countries of eastern Europe and the former USSR. Neo-Nazis are also making a big push right now to join legitimate or legal right-wing political parties already in power or about to win seats in legislatures (neo-Fascists allied with conservatives in Italy; Die Republikaner in Germany). In December, German police discovered a hit list of liberal Germans targetted for murder in an underground neo-Nazi newsletter. They now worry that the neos will turn to terrorism. (Despite the fact that computer equipment, software and services are much more expensive in Europe than in North America---big markups---it's European Nazis who are making the most of computer technology. Very little is said about North American neo-Nazis below, perhaps because the subject of the articles is Europe. Though some people over the past few years on the net have cautioned that skins here are getting computer-literate or have partners in hate who are. Maybe computer nerds are still viewed as part of the degenerate enemy by American skinheads.) Regards, Ron **************************************************************************** [reprinted without permission from 6/12/94 Boston Sunday Globe, pages 1 & 26] NEO-NAZIS SPREADING HATE WITH HIGH_TECH Global Networking Aids German Cells by Elizabeth Neuffer Globe Staff BERLIN - German neo-Nazis, once viewed as black-booted thugs with little savvy, have become increasingly sophisticated, forging rightist links across Europe and using computer networks to spread their call for a racially pure society. With rightists groups burgeoning from Belgium to Russia, German neo-Nazi leaders are reaching out across the continent, seeking to swap propaganda, build up sources of financing and boost popularity for their cause. Now equipped with computers, cellular phones and fax machines, neo-Nazi leaders can reach a far wider audience than they could only a few years ago. The technology also enables them to skirt the law, trading everything from banned copies of Hitler's speeches to RECIPES FOR HOMEMADE EXPLOSIVES WITHOUT POLICE DETECTION. [my caps---recall the arrest made by the FBI last year of American neo-Nazis who were about to bomb a Seattle gay bar.] "Unfortunately, we are faced with right-wing extremism that is increasing in virulence, viability and brutality," said Joachim Fricker, of Germany's domestic intelligence agency based in Cologne. Such sophisticated networking, law enforcement authorities say, comes as some neo-Nazis are lining up behind rightist political parties in this German election year. When Germans vote today in European Parlia- ment elections, there will be more than 20 rightists among the candidates. [Remember Buscaroli from Italy? I assume the author includes racist ultra- nationalists as well as bona fide neo-Nazis/Fascists here. Does anyone know or have a list or count?] Simultaneously, some neo-Nazi groups have GONE UNDERGROUND, STOCK- PILING WEAPONS AND DEVELOPING A SYSTEM OF ORGANIZED CELLS THAT HAVE AUTHO- RITIES WORRIED ABOUT TERRORISM. [my caps---in the Algerian Civil War, the leftwing National Liberation Front was organized into a command tree of tiny cells, each of which had a handful of members known to each other. Only one member would know the identity of a contact in the cell "above" and one or more members would know contacts in the cells "below". This organization was designed to minimize the amount of information the French colonial authorities could possibly obtain about the movement when they infiltrated a cell or captured and even tortured its members. It seems European neo- Nazis, like American ultra-conservatives, are borrowing techniques for organization, publicity and action from across the political spectrum. See below.] Among Europe's rightist movements, Germany's radical rightists are not the largest. Police identify about 64,000 rightists, but say only 5,600 are militant extremists, About 2,000 are hard-core neo-Nazis. [But these numbers, and the ones below, may not count the large penumbra of sympathy and occasional support for Fascist groups that may run into the tens of thousands. In Germany, you also have a large middle-aged population of WW2 veterans whose organizations can be a hotbed of racism and nostalgia for the Hitler era.] But Germany's extreme rightists are the most violent. Last year, there were 1,814 rightist crimes that left eight dead; 17 were killed in 1992. This year, 563 violent crimes have been linked to rightists, including six attempted homicides. Yet just how dangerous extreme rightists are---either as a political or violent force---remains the subject of debate. Law enforcement officials say the movement is too splintered to be politically viable; in this year's local elections, rightist candidates suffered humiliating defeats. The Kohl government similarly dismisses Germany's neo-Nazis, describing them as malcontents rather than potential terrorists. "We have no organized right-wing crime, there are a lot of young people who like to make riots," said Dieter Vogel, a government spokesman. [Surely one of the more fatuous statements I've heard recently.] But many here, including one former neo-Nazi, disagree. "There's a bigger danger in those guys than the government thinks," cautions Ingo Hasselbach, 26, a former neo-Nazi who quit and wrote a book about the neo-Nazi scene. [See shorter article appended below.] Far-reaching and complex, the German extreme rightist movement stretches from disaffected youths in the broken-down cities of the east TO THE POLITICALLY AMBITIOUS IN BONN. [my caps] There are five rightist political parties represented both in the European Parliament and state governments; the most prominent is Die Republikaner, headed by a former SS officer. There are 10 rightist militant organizations---four are banned---that organize antiforeigner demonstrations and distribute banned literature. And there are hundreds of teen-agers whose shaved heads and black Doc Martens boots identify them as part of the rightist "scene." Uniting all of them is the cry "Auslander raus"---foreigners out. Without immigrants, they argue, Germany would not be facing 10 percent unemployment, a recession and what they see as the dissolution of a culture renowned for its hard-working efficiency. Neo-Nazi groups also deny the Holocaust and preach anti-Semitism, which is illegal. "What it means to be right-wing is to believe than Germans are a superior race and all others are inferior," says Mario Zeidler, a 24-year- old [with a fine German name] from the former east Germany who has been a member both of violent right-wing groups and of Die Republikaner. Within this far-ranging movement, authorities pinpoint only a few real leaders. [I'm surprised they now admit there are any.] But in today's computer age, that is enough. "A minority are sophisticated but they are the multipliers of information," says Bernd Wagner, a sociologist who works with right-wing youth. Take neo-Nazi leader Christian Worch, head of the banned National List Party. Behind the steel door of his apartment in the port city of Hamburg, Worch talks technology. He describes how cellular phones allow illegal demonstrations to be quickly shifted if the police discover the sites. He discusses how computers help spread his belief in "Germany for the Germans." "I only have to install a computer mailbox and everybody can contact our ideas through the phone," said Worch, who advocates no more than 1 million foreigners and no more than 40,000 Jews in Germany to keep "the race as pure as possible." [Even if all east Germans are found jobs, Germany's high-gear economy may still have a shortage of labor. Would Worch put the ones he'd admit in labor camps?] THE PRIMARY NEO-NAZI COMPUTER NETWORK IS THE THULE NETWORK. ONLY A YEAR OLD, IT ALREADY HAS 15 MAILBOXES AND ABOUT 2,000 USERS [my caps], estimates Uwe Kaus, editor of the computer magazine CHIP. "These guys are very clever," Kaus says, "They discuss everything from political theory TO RELEASING THE ADDRESSES OF ANTIFASCISTS [my caps]. And they have messages, warnings and special coding which nobody else can read." COMPUTER NETWORKS ARE IDEAL FOR THE NEO-NAZIS [my caps]. Computers grant privacy to those interested in their ideas. Information about anti- foreigner rallies can be easily traded. Books banned here---such as those denying the Holocaust---can be retrieved from a computer mailbox in another country. IN APRIL, FOR EXAMPLE, NEO-NAZI LITERATURE DENYING THE HOLOCAUST AUTHORED BY BOSTON ENGINEER FRED LEUCHTER WAS LOADED INTO THE INTERNET, A COMPUTER SYSTEM ACCESSIBLE WORLDWIDE. [my caps] And the police are helpless to intervene, as computer transmissions are impossible to tap. [sic.---impractical to tap in the volume and with the frequency that would be required.] "Legally it is possible to stop, but practically it is impossible," said Ernst Uhrlau, a senior police official in Hamburg. Computers now connect neo-Nazis throughout the world. But where computers do not reach, people do---and neo-Nazis today spend a lot of time on the road. Most recently, German extremists have been reaching out to Russian right-wingers. [This is the most dangerous development of all. Russia, Ukraine and Belorus have perhaps the greatest potential for a violent racist political explosion, ie, for a revival of Nazism, of any western states. Imagine the civil wars in Bosnia and Croatia on a continental scale.] "In the last years, our contacts have grown stronger," Worch says. Neo-Nazi Michael Petri had just been to Spain and Denmark and was en route to Athens to meet fellow neo-Nazis and spread the goal of "national socialism"---a racially pure Fourth Reich---around Europe. "I am of the opinion that we can't reach our goal if we work only in Germany," Petri said, speaking over his cellular phone. We need national states in the whole world." In Holland, Eite Homan of the Dutch Action Front of National Socialists confirms he frequently meets with Petri, Worch and others. "We do jobs for each other," Homan says. "We have a comradely relationship." Indeed, links between European neo-Nazi groups have a practical purpose. Extremist literature and videos banned in Germany are published IN DENMARK [my caps]. Paramilitary maneuvers are held in Austria. Because neo-Nazi groups HAVE EXTENSIVE WEAPONS CULTS, LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITIES HERE WORRY THE RIGHT WING WILL TURN FROM BEATING UP FOREIGNERS AT RALLIES TO BECOMING AN UNDERGROUND TERRORIST MOVEMENT. [my caps] With the retreat of Russian troops from Eastern Europe, weaponry is easily had, they say. So far, there is no evidence to link neo-Nazis to terrorism. But German police---who have watched the Red Army Faction, a left-wing terrorist group, engage in assassinations and bombings here---ARE WORRIED BY SIGNS THAT THE RIGHT-WING IS LEARNING FROM THE LEFT. AMONG THE SIGNS: THE DEVELOPMENT OF ORGANIZED SMALL CELLS OF RIGHT-WING CADRES IN A MOVEMENT THAT WAS MORE DISORGANIZED THAN ORGANIZED. POLICE WERE STUNNED TO DISCOVER THE DECEMBER PUBLICATION OF A "HIT LIST" OF LIBERAL GERMAN POLITICIANS, JUDGES, SOCIAL WORKERS AND OTHERS IN AN UNDERGROUND NEO-NAZI NEWSLETTER. THE GROUP WAS TARGETTED FOR "FINAL ELIMINA- TION." [my caps] "In their ideology, neo-Nazis are violent," says senior police official Uhrlau. "Usually it's just talk. But there's no guarantee they won;t say `Let's not talk about it---let's do it, and do it now.'" *************************************************************************** [reprinted without permission from 6/12/94 Boston Sunday Globe, page 26] SOLIDARITY ON GERMAN RIGHT by Elizabeth Neuffer Globe Staff BERLIN - To hear former Waffen SS officer and current Die Republikaner leader Franz Schonhuber tell it, his party is all about democracy, nonviolence and love for "Germany, our fatherland." So why have leading Republikaner members been sentenced for xenophobic violence---and why are others now facing charges for falsely arresting foreigners and beating up an asylum-seeker? Die Republikaner, the most powerful of Germany's rightist political parties, is also its most controversial, raising questions over whether it really representes conservative voters or is a front for Germany's neo-Nazi movement. In this German election year, the party is poised to win 5 percent of the vote, the threshhold needed to secure a seat in parliament and make Die Republikaner a viable political force. But a recent spate of resignations from the party---amid charges it has grown too close to neo-Nazis---has renewed calls for the group to be banned. Both Chancellor Helmut Kohl's government coalition and the opposition Social Democrat Party havge demanded that the party be classified as extreme rightist, which would open the door for a federal court to rule it is uncon- stitutional. Publicly, Die Republikaner denies connections ot the neo-Nazis or their openly anti-Semitic, antiforeigner agenda. But neo-Nazis and former party members tell a different story. "There have always been contacts on a certain level between the Republikaner and the more militant right-wing groups," said Ingo Hasselbach, 26, who quit a neo-Nazi group and wrote a book about it. "Right-wingers, of course, vote for the official right-wing parties." Neo-Nazi leader Christian Worch, head of the banned National List group, is openly urging his membership to voet for Die Republikaner in what he called an "alliance for Republikaner in Parliament." According to Hasselbach, Worch's hope is that the Republikaner offi- cials will join radical neo-Nazi groups after they are elected. Former neo-Nazi member Mario Seidler, 24, recalls being wooed by Die Republikaner. "They leaded us with freebies, they gave us free tickets." Zeidler served as district chairman of Die Republikaner in his town of Erkner. Recent resignations suggest that some in the Republikaner are uncom- fortable with the party's neo-Nazi ties. Party figure Udo Bosch, a retired lieutenant colonel, quit earlier this month. Among other charges, he accused the party of anti-Semitism. As debate rages, nine of Germany's 16 states have the party under surveillance. And Germany's domestic intelligence agency is on the lookout. **************************************************************************** [reprinted without permission from 6/12/94 Boston Sunday Globe, page 26] WORLDWIDE EXTREME RIGHTIST ORGANIZATIONS Estimates by police and other monitors. MANY GROUPS ARE BELIEVED TO BE LINKED TO ONE ANOTHER. [my caps] BRITAIN National Party: 2,000 members. Blood and Honor Skin Front: several thousand members. [Oswald Moseley's National Front was the British Fascist organization in the 1930s.] BELGIUM Vlaams Volk [Flemish People]: 3,000 members; 460,000 voters in '91 elections. FRANCE Front National: 80,000 members. Parti Nationaliste Francais et Europeen: several hundred militants. UNITED STATES Ku Klux Klan: 6,000 members; 200,000 estimated sympathizers. National Social- ist German Worker's Party/Overseas Organization (Gerhard Lauck): 5,000 members worldwide. [Lauck is a major source of Nazi literature for European neo-Nazis and travels frequently to Europe. His activities were reported on one of the major network TV news programs within the last year.] SPAIN Cedade: 2,000 members [Not to mention the millions of supporters of Franco's Fascist Falange regime: in Spain and Portugal, alone in Europe, Fascism tri- umphed and remained in power for almost 4 decades.] ITALY Movimento Sociale Italiano/Destra Nazionale: 60,000 members [The related National Alliance has 5 cabinet posts in the Italian government and shares power with 2 other rightwing alliances. For those of you who know Rome, the National Alliance headquarters are in the Via Della Scrofa, near the big tourist areas of Piazza Navona and the Pantheon.] AUSTRIA Extra-Parliamentary Opposition Loyal to the People: 800 militants; several thousand sympathizers. SOUTH AFRICA Afrikaaner Weerstandsbewegung: 40,000 members; 5,000 in paramiliaty units. [Actually, the entire Boer Nationalist Party had very close ties with Hitler and the third reich through the 1920s, 30s and 40s. See Ronald Segal's book, THE RISE OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN REICH (Penguin paperback).] SWEDEN White Aryan Resistance: 50-100 militants; several thousand members. [There's a photo of some Nazi skins in a recent National Geographic. When he was a teenager in the 1930s and 40s, filmmaker Ingmar Bergman and his entire family were enthusiatically pro-German and pro-Nazi, even though his father was a Lutheran minister and chaplain to the Swedish royal family. (See Bergman's 1st volume of autobiography, THE MAGIC LANTERN). His older brother, Dag, was the founder and leader of the Swedish Nazi party. Even Ingmar believed that film footage of the Nazi death camps were fabrications, Allied propaganda. Only a couple of years after the war did he admit to himself they were genuine and the enormity of his family's sympathies. Although Sweden was neutral during WW2, and at least a plurality of Swedes opposed Nazism, a fair-sized minority sympathized with it.] DENMARK Danish National Social Movement: several hundred members. THE NETHERLANDS Nederlandse Blok: several hundred members. [2 years ago at a series of concerts in Boston I sat next to a young Dutch engineer. At one point he started talking rather mystically about "homelands" and how most peoples seemed to have them. Although he was no neo-Nazi, I was surprised that such drivel would occupy the attention of someone who was as well-educated & well- travelled as he appeared to be.] GERMANY Four Nazi groups are banned. Police estimate as many as 80 small groups and 5,600 militant extremists, of which 2,000 are hard-core neo-Nazis. Legal rightist groups include: Friedheim Busse: 220 members. Wotans Volk: 40 members. LATVIA Movement of National Independence: 1,600 members RUSSIA Liberal Democratic Party: up to 100,000 members. 100 other right-wing extrem- ist groups with an estimated 20,000 members.
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