Archive/File: orgs/canadian/canadian-jewish-congress/marches- to-modems/mtm-000 Last-Modifeid: 1997/03/30 From Marches to Modems: A Report on Organized Hate In Metro Toronto Edited by: Bernie M. Farber Canadian Jewish Congress Ontario Region January 1997 Table of Contents Acknowledgments & Preface [mtm-000] 1 A HISTORY OF HATE 1933 - 1989 [mtm-001] 2 THE LEADERS [mtm-002] 2.1 Wolfgang Droege 2.2 Paul Fromm 2.3 Ernst Zundel 2.4 George Burdi 2.5 Marc Lemire 3 THE TOOLS [mtm-003] 3.1 The Internet - Hate in Cyberspace 3.2 The Recruits: Elizabeth Moore, Her Story in Her Own Words 4 THE CRIMES: TWO CASE STUDIES [mtm-004] 4.1 Hate Music and Racist Violence 4.2 A Synagogue Desecration 5 THE LAW [mtm-005] 5.1 Hate Activity and the Law, an Introduction 5.2 Criminal Code Provisions 5.3 The Canadian Human Rights Act 5.4 The Ontario Human Rights Code and civil remedies 5.5 Customs and Immigration 5.6 Conclusions 6 RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS [mtm-006] 7 INDEX [not archived] 8 APPENDICES A. The Zundel Affair [http://www.nizkor.org/people/p/prutschi-manuel/zundel-affair] B. Holocaust Denial Today [http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/orgs/canadian/canadian-jewish-congress/hdt-index.html] C. Don't ignore the victims of hatred D. Venom as destructive as a bomb E. Aug. 2, 1996 Letter from Canadian Human Rights Commission (to Ernst Zundel) [mtm-appendix-e] F. Table of Contents from Marc Lemire's Freedom Site web page, Jan. 1997 G. Criminal Code sections 318, 319 and 320 (anti-hate laws) H. Sentence enhancement for hate crimes I. Canadian Human Rights Act J. The Immigration Act ACKNOWLEDGMENTS From Marches to Modems: A Report on Organized Hate in Metropolitan Toronto was in fact the work of numerous individuals all of whom had one goal in mind - to provide credible and easy to understand information on hatemongers, hate groups and their impact on Metropolitan Toronto. On behalf of the Canadian Jewish Congress Ontario Region, I would like to thank Charles Smith, Manager of the Access And Equity Centre for the Municipality of Metro Toronto for the opportunity of putting together what we consider to be a very important report on organized hate groups in Metro Toronto. A debt of gratitude must be paid to Bill Dunphy, who is by anybody's measure, one of the most knowledgeable journalists in Canada on issues dealing with white supremacy, neo-Nazism and the extreme right. Mr. Dunphy helped not only in the editing of the report but in the organizing and "brainstorming" necessary for accuracy and completion. Mr. Dunphy is also the author of chapter 2.5 dealing with Marc Lemire. Thanks as well to Steven H. Shulman, Associate Director of Community Relations and Assistant Legal Counsel, Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region. Mr. Shulrnan, a lawyer by training, wrote section 5 "The Law". It provides a comprehensive look at the law, its implications and the manner in which it could and should be used. A special thank you to Elizabeth Moore. Elizabeth who was formerly a leading luminary of the Heritage Front demonstrated courage that in many ways is beyond our own understanding. The ability to remove herself from the clutches of the neo-Nazi movement in Toronto, and become an active anti-racist is a testament to her bravery. Her story contained in this report is unique and poignant. I would also like to thank my friends and colleagues at the Canadian Jewish Congress Ontario Region: Pauline Pont, Glenda David, Beverley Livshitz, and Mary Anne Ryzman for their administrative skills in this endeavor. Thanks to Manuel Prutschi, Canadian Jewish Congress Ontario Region Executive Director for reading the entire manuscript and for his many valuable editorial suggestions. He also wrote the early history of Paul Fromm, which I updated for this report as chapter 2.2, as well as the articles in the appendices. Mr. Prutschi's seminal work in the field, long- term insights, historical analytical acumen and keen mind have been a guiding light not only for this project but for the work we have been able to accomplish together over many years. And finally to my wife Karyn and my three children thanks for putting up with my endless hours before the computer and understanding the need to help create a better and safer world for our children in the 21st century. Bernie M. Farber January, 1997 PREFACE On July 30, 1996, Canadian Jewish Congress Ontario Region was commissioned by the Access And Equity Centre of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto to prepare a report on the Perpetrators of Hate Activities Within Metropolitan Toronto. The purpose of such a report was to provide information and the tools necessary for Metro Government, law enforcement, education officials and the citizens of Metropolitan Toronto to understand the history of hate movements in this city, their development, and finally to offer a means by which to cope and effectively deal with expressions of hatred however they may manifest themselves in the future. The report is divided into 7 sections. The first deals with the early history of hate and its "guiding lights" from 1933 to 1989. Section 2 looks at the key leaders of hate movements in Metropolitan Toronto and how they have intersected with hate- motivated activities, and the methods they use to accomplish their goals. Section 3 details the tools used by white supremacists: the use of the internet and most importantly recruitment. In a rare and unique opportunity, we have asked Elizabeth Moore, a former leading member of a white supremacist organization - the Heritage Front - to focus on what happened to her and how she was recruited into one of the most notorious organizations in Canada. Section 4 delves into two case studies of crimes motivated by hatred. It demonstrates how individuals are manipulated by hate groups to commit crimes as well as the role played by hatred in perpetuating violence. Section 5 is an intense look at our present jurisprudence in the area and how best to apply the law to meet the need. Section 6 lists recommendations that we believe are necessary and important for Metro Toronto, as the country's leading multicultural jurisdiction, to control hate and the hate movement. Section 7 are useful appendices for those seeking greater insight. We have also included an index so that this report might be a useful instrument for Metro Councillors and city professionals to use on an ongoing basis as a work of reference. Toronto has historically been a principal feeding ground for those who would foment hatred. It is for this reason that elected municipal officials must assume a leadership role in confronting and defeating hate. This report will hopefully add to the armour necessary in providing that 'fence of protection' for the citizens of Toronto.
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