The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: orgs/american/adl/skinhead-international/skins-portugal

Newsgroups: alt.skinheads,alt.politics.white-power,alt.politics.nationalism.white,soc.culture.portuguese
Subject: ADL: Skinhead International; Portugal
Summary: The ADL's "Skinhead International: A Worldwide Survey
         of Neo-Nazi Skinheads"
Followup-To: alt.skinheads

Archive/File: pub/orgs/american/adl/skinhead-international/skins-portugal
Last-Modified: 1995/09/05


Sporadic episodes of Skinhead violence have occurred in
Portugal in the last serveral yeras. The U.S. Department of
State, in its _Country Reports on Human Rights for 1993_,
cited Portuguese press accounts of "a number of
racially-motivated incidents in 1993 that were apparently
perpetrated by small, loosely knit 'skinhead' groups." The
targets of Skinhead assaults have tended to be immigrants,
both legal and illegal, from Portugal's former African
colonies. A rampage by 50 Skinheads in Lisbon on June 11,
1995, left a Cape Verdean immigrant dead and 12 people of
African origin injured. Nine Skins have been detained.

In October 1989, Jose Carvelho, a leftist activist, was killed
in Lisbon by Skinheads who were demonstrating at the
headquarters of the Socialist Revolutionary Party. Three other
party members were injured in the attack.

Skinhead violence reportedly impelled the Portuguese
government in 1990 to establish a committee to monitor the
treatment of minority groups.

Several Skinhead gangs have displayed neo-Nazi symbols at
matches of Benfica, a leading soccer team from Lisbon.

Two Lisbon-based publications, _As Runas_ and _Final
Solution_, have been advertised in foreign Skinhead and
neo-Nazi publications.

A Portuguese Skinhead band, Guarda de Ferro (Iron Guard), has
recorded on the French label Rebelles Europeens. Its songs
include such titles as "Skinheads," "Botas" (boots), and
"Portugal aos Portugueses" (Portugal for the Portuguese).
Anti-Defamation League, 63)

                      Work Cited

Anti-Defamation League. The Skinhead International: A Worldwide
Survey of Neo-Nazi Skinheads. New York: Anti-Defamation League,
1995. Anti-Defamation League, 823 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY

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