The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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At the same time as the Germans tried to gain the confidence
of the French population, a second poster, which we are
going to show you, was posted in Germany regarding French
prisoners of war. This is what they said to the Germans. I
read the text of the poster: "Comrades: Retain your national
dignity -- Attitude toward Prisoners -- the attention of
every member of the Party is drawn to the following points.
It is unworthy to show the slightest sign of friendship to a
prisoner. It is strictly forbidden to give food or drink to
prisoners of war. Your fathers, sons and brothers are
fighting with all their strength against an enemy whose
purpose is the annihilation of the German people. We have no
reason to show the slightest friendship to such an enemy,
even when he comes to us as a prisoner. The enemy remains
the enemy."

We are now going to show a series of photographs of posters
which were intended to show the French who their real
enemies were, but first I should like to ask the Tribunal
whether they can see the posters sufficiently well,
considering the bad light.

THE PRESIDENT: We can see clearly enough, I think.

                                                   [Page 77]
M. FUSTER: I thank you. We shall continue.

The first photograph of the series intended to show the
population who their real enemies were is entitled, "Rumour
always Flies out of the Same Nest." The enemy aimed at is
England. The caricature shows, by means of birds with human
heads, that the voice of Free France is only rumour,
symbolised by Masonic signs or emblems of the Jewish
religion. The placards attached to these birds and which
appear to defy these slogans of British propaganda are
rather entertaining to read now: "The Germans Take All" and
"We Have the Mastery of the Seas." It refers to the Allies,

We are still dealing with anti-British propaganda. It is a
favourite theme of German propaganda. This photo is
entitled, "Thanks to the English, our Road to Calvary." It
tries to prove to the French, by recalling certain
historical events, that the English have always been the
cause of French sufferings -- Joan of Arc, Napoleon, the war
of 1939-40, are the principal themes exploited by means of
the poster.

This photo represents the English hydra which is encircling
Africa; but it is mercilessly beheaded in Germany, in
Norway, and rather oddly, in Syria. The text of this poster
reads, "The Hydra is still being systematically

This poster has the following text, which is almost
invisible here: "The ally of Yesterday, Great promises
before the war: no help during the war. Retreat and flight
of the English Expeditionary Force. Bombardment of French
cities and blockade after the debacle. Let us have done with

Poster Number 7, which is also anti-British, is constructed
on the same model. There are three parts, "Yesterday, To-
day, Tomorrow."

The Germans developed not only the theme of Anglo-Saxon
greed, which they represented by a hydra or a bulldog, but
also the theme of the prestige at sea of the occupied

On this point we show photographs of French and Norwegian

This poster is entitled, "You won't catch anything with De
Gaulle, Gentlemen!" British corpulence and Jewish capitalism
bulge out from a fishing boat stopped by the coastal guns.

The style of the wording and the sailor's gesture are purely
Frenchman would have said, "With that Gaulle (fishing rod),"
and the allusion would have been clear enough.

Poster Number 9 invites enrollment in the German Navy, "The
Time Has Come to Free the Seas."

Here is a Norwegian poster: "Defend Norway. Enlist in the
German Navy." The inscription might apply, firstly to all
the services of the German uniformed police; secondly, to
all the Kommandantures of the German Wehrmacht; thirdly, to
German harbor masters and port control officers; fourthly,
to the commander of the SS Reserve Corps of Norway, Oslo,

And another Norwegian poster, with the following title, "All
for Norway ... Help from England." This poster tries to
prove to the civilian population that ruin, fire and
devastation are the only benefits of the English alliance.

The second enemy, America, is the subject of the posters we
are going to show now.

"The American Press: 97 per cent. in the hands of the Jews."
That allows the Germans to kill two birds with one stone:
The Jews and America.

In the middle of this poster is the inscription, "They
Wanted War," and the persons concerned are represented by
six photographs: "Those Responsible for the War." They are
not any of the men whom you see in the dock, but six
Americans: magistrates, officials, men in the public eye.
Their names were not familiar to the French public, who had
rarely seen them on the screen, except for Mr. La Guardia.

                                                   [Page 78]

Those who read articles on economics knew of Mr. Morgenthau;
but it was difficult to persuade the French that Messrs.
Baruch, Frankfurter, Wise and Lehman were the instigators of
the present war, and Hitler and Goering the victims. As I
have said, however, Nazi propaganda did not shrink from any

This photo is more picturesque. It shows both sides of a
dollar bill and consists of two lines separated by a Masonic
star with the inscription, "A dollar has no value unless
signed by Morgenthau. Here are the texts of the inscriptions
showing the imagination of the Nazi authors in this matter.

On the left-hand side we read: "The Minister of the Treasury
is Jew Morgenthau, Jr., related to the great racketeers of
international finance.

All the Jewish attributes are found on this dollar: the
eagle of Israel, the Triangle, the eye of Jehovah, the 13
letters of the motto, the 13 stars of the aureole, the 13
arrows, the 13 olive branches, the 13 steps of the
unfinished pyramid. This money is Jewish indeed."

And on the right-hand side:

"This dollar paid for the Jewish war, the sole message which
the Anglo-Americans can address to us. Will it be enough to
repay us for the misfortunes arising from that Jewish war?
The money does not stink but the Jew does.

Mr. Churchill and Mr. Roosevelt are dividing Africa."

This is, properly speaking, anti-Semitic propaganda. We have
already seen it mingled with anti-British and anti-American

This photograph shows children of a French technical school
who were taken to an anti-Jewish exhibition and given anti-
Jewish pamphlets to read.

"Behold the Jewish invasion": France is gnawed by a
symbolical hydra and figures are scrawled across her.

In 1914, 200,000 Jews;
In 1939, 800,000 Jews,
without mentioning the half-Jews."

"For the Jews the right to live. For us the right to die."
Beneath the recriminations of all-enveloping Jewry, are the
crosses of the daily growing number of war victims.

This propaganda aims, on the one hand, at collecting the
Jews into a compact mass and isolating them, and, on the
other hand, at arousing the hatred of the remainder of the
population against them. It aims at dividing France.

Finally, we see the terrible Russian foe. A tortured human
beast of burden is hauling a barrow-load of stones while a
monster in uniform lashes him with a knout and threatens him
with a revolver. This picture was first intended for
inclusion in a composite picture entitled "The Workers
Paradise." This gives it additional interest; but owing to
the lack of time, the poster was put out just as it was. We
submit the plans for the entire project as Exhibit RF 1151.

This is a lovely Norwegian poster: "No" in the form of a
flash of lightning strikes against the Russian hand which
attempts to tear the National flag.

"Never!" A romantic picture reminiscent of certain Russian
pictures of the last century: Death escorts a train of
deportees. The Nazis showed something which they knew well!

A final picture concerning Russia, "What Bolshevism would
bring to Europe." Scenes of mutilation, infanticide, rape,
hangings, murder -- exactly what the Nazi movement brought
to Europe!

"However, this Europe must realise her good fortune in being
led by the Fuehrer, must realise its strength and its unity,
in order to fight victoriously against the barbarous enemy."

And here is a photograph of a poster, "A Leader and His
people." Hitler is depicted, endowed with every charm:
sweetness, simplicity, understanding, while the text,
unreadable in the reproduction, recalls that he, Hitler, is
the unknown soldier of the first war.

                                                   [Page 79]
THE PRESIDENT: Could you let the Tribunal know how much
longer you are likely to be?

M. FUSTER: About ten minutes, Mr. President.


M FUSTER: In the photograph to the left, Hitler is shaking a
little girl's hand and we read underneath, "The little
congratulatant." This term, which is not French
("gratulatrice"), betrays the origin of the document.

Here is a poster which was widely circulated in France. "I
work in Germany for my family and for France. Do as I do."

"1918-43. History Speaks. 1918, The Debacle. 1943, The Great
Unity." This poster is the counterpart of the inscriptions
which patriots used to write on the walls in France. The
German defeat was rapidly approaching and they could hope
that the end of the year 1943, like the end of the year
1918, would bring the final victory.

The Nazis were unable to make any reply to those crushing
communiques except by issuing denials and posters like this,
affirming the great unity of Europe.

Here is a poster which combines the productive and fighting
forces: "The best workers make the best weapons for the best

Finally, propaganda attains the level of the conflict of
political doctrines, "Socialism against Bolshevism or a free

Religious doctrine: This is a Norwegian poster which makes
fun of the Anglo-Russian alliance. It is entitled, "A
Blessed Meeting." An Anglican bishop, armed with a
phosphorous bomb, presents a cross, symbolising Finland, to
the Pope Stalin. Stalin accepts it, with eyes lifted to
heaven and a machine gun in his arms.

A placard says: "Christianity is introduced into the country
of the Soviets," and the motto says: "My dear brothers, we
wish to strengthen your faith with these beautiful crosses."

"Anti-Christ: Communism, the scourge of civilisation.
Bolshevism against Europe. International exhibition, 12th
July to 15th August, 1941." The Nazis pose as the defenders
of Christianity.

To conclude, this is what the defenders of Christianity did
to the Church of Oradour-sur-Glane.

We have now finished showing the films; we have taken the
liberty to submit to the Tribunal a few pictures forming
concrete illustrations of a tendency whose spiritual
character makes it perhaps more difficult of recognition but
whose importance is considerable.

In treating a subtle emotional theme of this kind we have
used pictures rather than words, as a means of
simplification, since pictures can make clear in an instant
something which it takes time to put into words.

We hope that inn this way we have contributed towards making
plain the truth.

THE PRESIDENT: The Tribunal will adjourn until ten minutes
past two.

                    (A recess was taken.)

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