The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: camps/auschwitz/victims/polish-victims


Anatomy of the Auschwitz Death Camp.

Piper has this to say, _Anatomy_ pp. 69-70.  Typos mine of course.  If
you want the footnotes, just ask.

   Poles. Gaps in source material permit only an approximation of the
   number of Poles deported to Auschwitz.  Like other non-Jewish
   prisoners, Poles were assigned serial numbers.  Therefore Polish
   prisoners can be counted among the 400,000 registered prisoners
   (with the exception of those not included in numerical
   registration).  By deducting from that figure 205,000 registered
   Jewish prisoners, 21,000 registered Gypsies, and 12,000 registered
   Soviet prisoners of war, one arrives at 162,000 prisoners comprising
   Poles and other nationalities, including 151,000 prisoners (not
   counting Jews) within the general (ordinary) serial camp category
   and 11,000 prisoners assigned the EH (reeducation) serial category
   comrpsiing almost exclusively Poles.
   
   ...a total of 137,000 registered Poles.  In addition, at least
   10,000 Poles were deported and subsequently put to death without
   having been registered, including between 3,000 and 4,500 police
   prisoners.  Thus the total number of Poles brought to the camp is
   estimated at 140,000 to 150,000.
   
   Gypsies.  Available evidence indicates that about 21,000 Gypsies
   were registered in the camp.  ...  In addition, about 1,700
   nonregistered Gypsies were killed in the camp.  That adds up to a
   total of 23,000 Gypsies deported to Auschwitz.
   
   Soviet prisoners of war.  In the years 1941-44, some 12,000 Soviet
   POWs were registered and assigned serial numbers. ...at least 3,000
   unregistered prisoners.  This means that at least 15,000 Soviet POWs
   ended up in the cmap.
   
   Other nationalities.  The remaining 25,000 registered prisoners
   represented other nationalities, including [etc.]

See Lukas, Richard C. "The Polish Experience during the Holocaust"  in
Michael Berenbaum, ed.  A Mosaic of Victims: Non-Jews Persecuted and
Murdered by the Nazis (New York : New York University Press, 1990): 88-95.

p. 90 -- "During almost six years of war, Poland lost 6,028,000 of its
citizens, or 22 percent of its total population, the highest relation of
losses to population of any country in Europe.  Over 50 percent of these
victims were Polish Christians, victims of prisons, death camps, raids,
executions, epidemics, starvation, excessive work and ill treatment."

p. 94-5 (footnote 8 to accompany the above) -- Roman Nurowski, 1939-1945:
War Losses in Poland (Poznan, 1960), pp. 44ff. There is no agreement
concerning the exact number of Polish Christians who perished at the hands
of the Nazis.  Informed estimates place the loss in the range of 2.8 to 3.1
million people.

According to the Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, the estimated Jewish loss
was 2.9-3 million.

Subject: Re: Polish Victims at Auschwitz

Here's one more statistic:  

According to "Auschwitz Revisionism:  An Israeli Scholar's Case," 
by Peter Steinfels, _New York Times_, 12 Nov. 1989 [which is the 
article where Yehuda Bauer publicly lowered the number of victims 
at Auschwitz]:

	"Five years ago, he [Bauer] said, research by the French 
Jewish historian Georges Wellers had established that 
approximately 1.6 million people were gassed, executed by other 
means, tortured to death or were victims of starvation or disease 
at Auschwitz.  According to these findings, about 1.35 million 
were Jews.  There were 83,000 Polish victims, 20,000 Gypsies and 
12,000 Soviet prisoners of war.  An additional 150,000 Poles were 
imprisoned at Auschwitz, then shipped elsewhere where many, 
although not the majority, died."


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