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Shofar FTP Archive File: camps/aktion.reinhard/sobibor/german.jews

Newsgroups: alt.revisionism
Subject: Holocaust Almanac: The Austrian & German Deportations...
Organization: The Nizkor Project CANADA
Keywords: Austria,Eichmann,Goebbels,Lublin,Sobibor,Wannsee

Archive/File: holocaust/poland/reinhard german.jews
Last-modified: 93/10/26

   "Tens of thousands of Jews from Germany and Austria were deported to
   the Lublin district at the end of 1939/beginning of 1940, and, on a
   smaller scale, in the years following.  After the Wannsee Conference,
   Eichmann's office, early in March, 1942, ordered that most of the
   deportation trains from the Third Reich be rerouted from the ghettos
   of Minsk and Riga in Ostland to ghettos and camps in the Lublin
   district.  <1> This change coincided with the opening of the death
   camp of Belzec in mid-March 1942, and the building of Sobibor and
   Treblinka.  Tens of thousands of Jews from the Third Reich arrived in
   the Lublin district from April 1942, and from there they were later
   sent to the death camps of Operation Reinhard.

   On March 27, Goebbels wrote in his diary about these deportations:
   `The ghettos which will be emptied in the cities of the General
   Government will now be refilled with Jews thrown out of the Reich.
   This process is to be repeated from time to time.'

   According to the evidence given at the Sobibor/Bolender trial, at
   least 10,000 Jews from Germany and Austria found their death in
   Sobibor in the months of April, May, and June, 1942.  <2> Some of
   these transports were sent directly to the death camp.  A report
   dated June 20, 1942, from the commander of the Nr.  152 police
   precinct of Vienna, describes the deportation of a transport of
   Austrian Jews directly to Sobibor:

          The transport commando consisted of Lieutenant Fischman as
	  commander, two sergeants and thirteen policemen of the `First
	  Police Reserve Company East ...' The embarkation of the Jews to
	  the freight cars of the allocated `Special Train' at the station
	  of Aspang started at 12:00 hours under the command of SS
	  Hauptsturmfuhrer Brunner and SS Hauptscharfuhrer Girzik from the
	  [local] `Main Office for the Deportation of Jews' and went

	  At that time the transport commando assumed the guard duty. All
	  together, 1,000 Jews were deported.

	  The DA-38 train left Vienna on June 14, 1942, at 19:08 and
	  crossed Brno, Neisse, Oppeln, Czestochowa, Kielce, Radom, Deblin,
	  Lublin, Chelm to Sobibor and not, as expected, to Izbica. The
	  arrival at Sobibor was on June 17, 1942, at 8:15. At the station
	  of Lublin, where we arrived on June 16, 1942 at 19:00 hours, SS
	  Obersturmfuhrer Pohl was waiting, and he ordered that fifty-one
	  able Jews between the ages of fifteen and fifty disembark and be
	  brought to a labor camp.... At that time he gave an order that
	  the remaining 949 Jews were to be taken to Sobibor. The [list of
	  people], three freight cars [with food], and 100,000 zloty were
	  handed over to the SS Obersturmfuhrer Pohl in Lublin. At 23:00 we
	  left Lublin for Sobibor. In the Jewish camp of Trawniki, 30km
	  before Lublin, we handed over the three freight cars with food
	  and luggage to SS Scharfuhrer Mayerhofer.

	  The train arrived at 8:15 on June 17 at the labor camp, which was
	  close to the Sobibor station, where the camp commander,
	  Overleutnant Stangl, recived the 949 Jews. The disembarkation
	  began immediately and was completed at 9:15. The departure from
	  Sobibor to Lublin with the `special train' followed immediately
	  after the unloading of the Jews, at 10:00.'<3>

<1> Zabecki, Franciszek. "Wspomnienia dawne i nowe", Warszawa, 1977, p. 45
<2> Ruckerl, Adalbert. "NS-Vernichtungslager in Spiegel deutscher
    Strafprozesse, DTV Dokumente", Munich, 1977, p.147
<3> Ruckerl, p.147"
                              Work Cited

   Arad, Yitzhak.  BELZEC, SOBIBOR, TREBLINKA - the Operation Reinhard
   Death Camps Indiana University Press, 1987.  ISBN 0-253-3429-7

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