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Shofar FTP Archive File: places/germany/wannsee/wannsee.001

Archive/File: holocaust/germany wannsee.001
Last-Modified: 1994/05/09

 Excerpts from the Wannsee Conference Protocols: January 20, 1942. (Several

 Responsiblity for the handling of the final solution of the Jewish question,
 he [Heydrich] said, would lie centrally with the Reichsfuehrer SS and the
 Chief of the German Police (Chief of the Security Police and the SD), without
 regard to geographic boundaries.

 The Chief of the Security Police and the SD then gave a brief review of the
 struggle conducted up to now against this foe.

 The most important elements are:

 a) Forcing the Jews out of the various areas of life of the German people.

 b) Forcing the Jews out of the living space of the German people.

 Emigration has now been replaced by evacuation of the Jews to the East, as a
 further possible solution, with the appropriate prior authorization by the

 However, this operation should be regarded only as a provisional option; but
 it is already supplying practical experience of great significance in view of
 the coming final solution of the Jewish question.

 In the course of this final solution of the European Jewish question
 approximately 11 million Jews may be taken into consideration, distributed
 over the individual countries as follows: [list follows]

 As far as the figures for Jews of the various foreign countries are
 concerned, the numbers given include only Jews by religion since the
 definition of Jews according to racial principles is in part still lacking

 Under appropriate direction the Jews are to be utilized for work in the East
 in an expedient manner in the course of the final solution. In large columns,
 with the sexes separated, Jews capable of work will be moved into these areas
 as they build roads, during which a large proportion will no doubt drop out
 through natural reduction. The remnant that eventually remains will require
 suitable treatment; because it will without doubt represent the most
 resistant part, it consists of a natural selection that could, on its
 release, become the germ-cell of a new Jewish revival. (Witness the
 experience of history.)

 The first-degree Mischling [half-breeds] exempted from evacuation will be
 sterilized in order to obviate progeny and to settle the Mischling problem
 for good. Sterilization is voluntary, but it is the condition for remaining
 in the Reich. The sterilized Mischling is subsequently free of all
 restrictive regulations to which he was previously subject.

 Secretary of State Dr. Buehler put on record that the Government-General
 [Poland] would welcome it if the final solution of this problem was begun in
 the Government-General, as, on the one hand, the question of transport there
 played no major role and considerations of labor supply would not hinder the
 course of this Aktion. Jews must be removed as fast as possible from the
 Government-General. Furthermore, of the approximately 2 1/2 million Jews
 under consideration, the majority were in any case unfit for work.

 Secretary of State Dr. Buehler further states that the solution of the Jewish
 question in the Government-General was primarily the responsibility of the
 Chief of the Security Police and the SD and that his work would have the
 support of the authorities of the Government-General. He had only one
 request: that the Jewish question in this area be solved as quickly as

 In conclusion, there was a discussion of the various possible forms which the
 solution might take, and here both Gauleiter Dr. Meyer and Secretary of State
 Dr. Buehler were of the opinion that certain preparatory work for the final
 solution should be carried out locally in the area concerned, but that, in
 doing so, alarm among the population must be avoided.

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