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Subject: Holocaust Almanac: Treblinka Defined - Yeger Interrogation
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Archive/File: camps/aktion.reinhard/treblinka yeger.001
Last-Modified: 1994/08/24
Source: United States Department of Justice

                          EXCERPT

From the Stenographic Report of the Interrogation of the Defendant
Aleksandr Ivanovich YEGER on 7 April 1948. 

Jr. Lieutenant POPOV, an Investigator of the Investigation Department
of the Ministry of State Security of the Ukraine, Molotov Region,
interrogated as defendant

      YEGER', Aleksandr Ivanovich, born in 1918, native of the village
      of Sbrodovka, Tatishchev district, Saratov Region, a German,
      citizen of the USSR.

      The Interrogation began at 9.00 p.m. and ended at 10.00 p.m.

Question: On what principle was a company of guards organized and what
functions did it perform?

Answer: The company of guards consisted of 100 to 120 persons. The
company was divided into three platoons. The first platoon was on
outside guard duty in the Treblinka camp for 24 hours. The second
platoon was subdivided into sections. The first section was called
"bereitschaft" or the waking shift. This shift was placed in the
guards quarters and was used for work inside the camp, for the
unloading of incoming trains, it guarded the people during unloading,
chased them into the barracks where they undressed, and escorted the
prisoners until these were immured in the gas chambers.

The second section of this platoon was called the "Urlopschein" or
leave, and the guards in this section were given leave for about eight
hours and left the camp to go to nearby villages and populated places.
During this 24-hour period, the third platoon rested and so was called
the "zugpeifreizeit" platoon, that is the resting platoon. It
performed domestic tasks. Thus each platoon spent 24 hours on the
outside guarding of the camp, the next 24 hours a part of the platoon
went on leave, the second part of the platoon took part in the
unloading of the railroad cars and escorted the prisoners to the gas
chambers and during the third 24-hour period the platoon rested and
performed domestic tasks. In the space of three to six 24-hour
periods, all the guards of the company of guards took direct part in
the extermination of citizens of Jewish nationality and personally
shot them.

Question: Where were the citizens of Jewish nationality shot?

Answer: The citizens of Jewish nationality were savagely beaten by us
and shot during the unloading of the trains, in the undressing places,
during the passage from the undressing place to the gas chambers and
in the "infirmary".

Question: What was the purpose of the "infirmary"?

Answer: The "infirmary" only bore the name of infirmary. In reality it
was a place where citizens of Jewish nationality were shot. In this
"infirmary" were shot those who resisted during unloading and
undressing, and also people who were unable to walk on their own to
the gas chambers. In this "infirmary" there was a Physician in a white
coat, who received the "sick" brought by the guards and examined them,
and then they were taken out from the infirmary and killed. All the
guards, the Germans, also the service personnel including the cooks
and the drivers took part in the shooting of prisoners in the
"infirmary". The sick brought to the "infirmary" were undressed, laid
near a pit, the guards shot them and the bodies were shoved into the
pit. A fire burned at the bottom of the pit and the bodies were burned
right there.

Women, children and old people were exterminated together with men in
this "infirmary". The special "working crew" was also exterminated in
the "infirmary".

Question: Of what individuals was the "worker crew" composed?

Answer: The "working crew" was made up of the healthier citizens of
Jewish nationality from the incoming trains. It comprised about 300
persons and consisted of two companies. The first company of 200 men
unloaded the trains, undressed the prisoners and took away their
belongings. The second company of 100 men unloaded the bodies from the
gas chambers and hauled them away to the pits. The composition of
these companies changed constantly. Roughly every 15-20 days all
previously working companies were exterminated in the "infirmary", and
new companies formed from among the incoming trains, and these in turn
had the same fate as that of all citizens of Jewish nationality.

Question: What part did you take in the atrocities and the shooting of
citizens of Jewish nationality?

Answer: Like all the guards of the company of guards, I took a part in
the beating up and the shooting of citizens of Jewish nationality
during the unloading of trains, in the undressing places, on the way
to the gas chambers, shot them in the "infirmary", I personally shot
about 200 people.

Written down from my words correctly, read by me and signed - 

(Signature)

Interrogation Made By: Investigator of the Investigation Department of
the Ministry of State Security of the Ukraine, Molotov Region Jr.
Lieutenant POPOV.

Stenographic report made by: ANTIP'YEVA

The excerpt is true: First Deputy Procurator of the Crimean Region,
Senior Councillor of Justice, KUPTSOV

"28" February 1978

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