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Shofar FTP Archive File: miscellany/stats/media/newsprint-north-america-1996


Archive/File: miscellany/stats/media/newsprint-north-america-1996
Last-Modified: 1997/07/23

                             Number of U.S. Daily Newspapers 

1996 <2>    686 morning
1996 <2>    846 evening
1996 <2>    890 Sunday
1996 <2>  1,520 morning and evening <1>

1. "All-day" newspapers publish several editions throughout the day. They are listed 
   in both morning and evening columns but only once in the total. 

2. Preliminary data.

Source: Editor & Publisher 

                                Average Daily Circulation <1> 

The Wall Street Journal         1,783,532
USA Today <2>                   1,675,091
The New York Times              1,071,120
Los Angeles Times               1,029,073
The Washington Post 	          789,198
Daily News, New York              734,277
Chicago Tribune                   680,535
Newsday                           564,754
Houston Chronicle                 545,348
Chicago Sun-Times                 496,030
San Francisco Chronicle           486,977
The Dallas Morning News           478,181
The Boston Globe                  471,024
New York Post                     429,642
The Philadelphia Inquirer         427,175
The Star-Ledger, Newark           405,869
The Plain Dealer, Cleveland       386,256
The Arizona Republic              382,122
Star Tribune, Minneapolis         375,278
San Diego Union-Tribune           372,081

1. Average for six months ended Sept. 30, 1996 
2. Adjusted Circulation

Source: Audit Bureau of Circulations, ABC FAS-FAX

                  The 20 Largest U.S. Newspaper Companies 

                        Daily           Number of
                        Circulation<1>  Dailies
                                                Sunday          Number of
                                                Circulation     Sunday Editions
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Gannett Co. Inc.        5,840,635       92      5,859,487       72
Knight-Ridder Inc.      3,420,018       31      4,777,883       28
Newhouse Newspapers     2,811,832       25      3,656,574       21
Dow Jones & Co. Inc.    2,361,445       20        534,316       13
Times Mirror Co.        2,314,303        9      3,020,664        7
The New York Times Co.  2,278,094       21      2,898,008       17
The Hearst Newspapers   1,743,510       12      2,569,326       11
Thomson Newspapers Inc. 1,338,567       65      1,349,056       47
Hollinger International 1,283,192      105        927,251       34
Tribune Co.             1,270,623        4      1,891,943        4
E.W. Scripps Co.        1,216,475       17      1,288,520       11
Cox Enterprises Inc.    1,169,365       17      1,639,428       16
MediaNews Group         1,037,597       25      1,155,063       22
Freedom Communications Inc.
                          960,804       26      1,046,664       22


1. Average for six months ended Sept. 30, 1996. 

Sources: John Morton, Morton Research, Inc.; 
         Audit Bureau of Circulations; Editor & Publisher. 
Note: Data reflect acquisitions and agreements through Feb. 28, 1997.

Year		Total Weekly Newspapers<1>	
			Average Circulation	
				Total Weekly Circulation
--------------------------------------------------------
1996<2>         7,915   10,307  81,582,295

1. Includes paid- and free-circulation newspapers. 
2. 1994-1996 not comparable to prior years due to change in information 
   collection procedures by NNA. 

Source: National Newspaper Association

Canadian Newspapers 

	Morning
Year		Evening 
			All-Day	Total
				       Circulation
---------------------------------------------------------
1996    43      60      2       105    5,191,677

Source: Canadian Newspaper Association

Employment of Women and Minorities 

The 1995 industrywide survey on employment of women by U.S. daily newspapers found: 

* 18% of employees are minorities with slightly more men than women at 10% and 
   8% respectively. •Representation by race and ethnic group remained 
   stable with African Americans comprising the largest population at 12%; 
   Hispanics, 4%; Asians, 4%; and Native Americans less than 1%. 

* Minorities represent 11% of executives and managers overall, a 2% 
  increase since 1992. •Minorities represent 7.4% of news executives. 

* Women represent 41% of newspaper employees overall and 32% of executives and 
  managers, a 2% increase from 1992. 

* Female employment is highest in the accounting/finance (79%) and 
  advertising (78%) departments; lowest in production (22%) and information 
  services (33%). 

* Minority employment increases as circulation size increases (e.g., newspapers 
  with circulations below 10,000 have 8% minority employment, while newspapers 
  over 50,000 circulation have 21% minority employment). 

* Minority employment is highest in the production (24%) and circulation (21%) 
  departments; lowest in the news/editorial (12%) and advertising (13%) departments. 

The survey, conducted in 1995 for NAA by Belden Associates of Dallas, was based on 
415 newspapers from 400 markets. 

The number of people of color in the newsroom at U.S. daily newspapers rose to 
11.02% in 1995, according to the American Society of Newspaper Editors. Total 
newsroom work force was 55,000 employees. ASNE's annual surveys show substantial 
growth in minority employment over nearly two decades. In 1978, daily newspapers 
had 1,700 minorities in their newsroom work force of 43,000. Minority employment 
has grown 259% since then, while white employment during the same period grew 
by only 18%. Among the positive developments in 1995 concerning newsroom diversity 
are: 

* The number of newspapers that employ no minorities at all continues to decline, 
  now down to 44.1%. •Of the new full-time hires in 1995, 21% were minorities. 

* Progress continues in the number of minority supervisors. At the end of 1995, 
  8.4% of minority newsroom professionals held positions as supervisors, compared to 
  8.2% the previous year. 

* The survey found that 37% of newsroom interns were minorities, compared with 
  36% the previous year. 

Source: The Newspaper Association of America (http://www.naa.org)
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