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If I might quote from four speeches and articles showing his
early activities from 1922 to 1933 - at Page 3 of the
Tribunal's document book, M-11 - that is an extract from a
speech that he made in 1922 in Nuremberg, and, after abusing
the Jews in the first paragraph - I only refer to the last
few lines:

  "We know that Germany will be free when the Jew has been
  excluded from the life of the German people."

I pass to the next document, which is M-12, on Page 4. The
first document was Exhibit GB 165. That is the book, I
understand, that is being given that number, so that the
next document, which is taken from the same book, will be
the same. Perhaps I might be allowed to read that short
extract. It is an extract from a speech:

  "I beg you, and particularly those of you who carry the
  cross throughout the land, to become somewhat more
  serious when I speak of the enemy of the German people,
  namely, the Jew. Not out of irresponsibility or for fun
  do I fight against the Jewish enemy, but because I bear
  within me the knowledge that the whole misfortune was
  brought to Germany by the Jews alone.
  
  I ask you once more, what is at stake to-day? The Jew
  seeks domination not only among the German people but
  among all peoples. The Communists pave the way for him.
  Do you not know that the God of the Old Testament ordered
  the Jews to devour and enslave the peoples of the earth?
  
  The Government allows the Jew to do as he pleases. The
  people expect action to be taken. You may think about
  Adolf Hitler as you please, but one thing you must admit.
  He possessed the courage to attempt to free the German
  people from the Jew by a national revolution. That was
  action indeed."

The next short extract appearing on the next page is taken
from a speech in April, 1925:

  "You must realise that the Jew wants our people to
  perish. That is why you must join us and leave those who
  have brought you nothing but war and inflation and
  discord. For thousands of years the Jew has been
  destroying the nations."

I ask the Tribunal to note now these last few words:

  "Let us make a new beginning so that we can annihilate
  the Jews."

My Lord, so far as I have been able to find, that is the
earliest expression of annihilation of the Jewish race.
Perhaps it gave birth to what was, fourteen years later, to
become the official policy of the Nazi Government.

And one further passage from this period. This is April,
1932, M-14, taken from the same book. He starts by saying:

  "For 13 years I have fought against Jewry."

I quote the last paragraph only:

  "We know that the Jew, whether he is baptised as a
  Protestant or as a Catholic, remains a Jew. Why can you
  not realise this, you Protestant clergymen, you Catholic
  priests, you who have scales before your eyes and serve
  the God of the Jews, who is not the God of Love but the
  God of Hate. Why do you not listen to Christ, who said to
  the Jews: 'You are the children of the Devil'."

That, then, was the kind of performance he was putting up
during those early years. When the Nazi Party came to power,
they officially started their campaign against the Jews by
the boycott of 1st April, 1933. Now, of that

                                                  [Page 155]

boycott the Tribunal have already had evidence, and I would
do no more now than to remind the Tribunal in a word of what
happened.

The boycott was agreed on and approved of by the whole
Government, as was shown in a document which is already
before you, 2156-PS, Exhibit USA 262, which was Goebbels'
diary.

Streicher was appointed the chairman of the central
committee for the organisation of that boycott, which
appears in Document 2056-PS, Exhibit USA 263. It was then
said that he started his work on Wednesday the 29th.

On that same day the central committee issued a proclamation
in which it was said that the boycott would start on
Saturday, at 10 a.m. sharp. "Jewry will realise whom it has
challenged." That short quotation appears in Document 3387-
PS, which is Exhibit USA 566, which is a volume of "Der
Sturmer." In actual fact, it is a copy of "Der Sturmer"
which is already before the Court.

I would refer the Tribunal to one short passage from an
article in the "Nationalsocialistische Partei Korrepondenz,"
which the defendant wrote on 30th March, 1933, before the
boycott was due to start. It is Document 2153-PS, and it
appears on Page 12 of the Tribunal's book, which becomes
Exhibit GB 166. There he writes, under the title, "Defeat
the Enemy of the World! - by Julius Streicher, official
leader of the central committee to combat the Jewish
atrocity and boycott campaign":

  "Jewry wanted this battle. It shall have it until it
  realises that the Germany of the brown battalions is not
  a country of cowardice and surrender. Jewry will have to
  fight until we have won victory.
  
  National Socialists! Defeat the enemy of the world. Even
  if the world is full of devils, we shall succeed in the
  end."

As head of the central committee for that boycott, Streicher
outlined in detail the organisation of the boycott, in
orders which the committee published on the 31st March,
1933, which is the next document in the book, 2154-PS,
Exhibit GB 167. I can summarise those.

The committee stressed that no violence was to be employed
against the Jews on the occasion of that boycott, but not
perhaps for humane reasons; it was because, if there were no
violence employed, then Jewish employers would have no
grounds for discharging their employees without notice, and
no grounds for refusing to pay them any wages.

The Jews were also reported to be apparently transferring
businesses to German figureheads in order to alleviate the
results of this persecution, and the committee laid it down
that any property so transferred was to be considered as
Jewish for the purpose of the boycott.

I do not think I need go into that any further. It does show
that at that date Streicher was taking a leading part, and a
leading part under Government appointment, in the
persecution of the Jews.

I would now refer the Court again to a few further extracts
to show the form that this propaganda developed as the years
went on. At Page 18 of the document book, Document M-20, we
have an article in the New Year's issue of a new paper that
he had just founded. It was a semi-medical paper called "The
People's Health Through Blood and Soil," edited by himself,
and it is an example of the really remarkable lengths to
which he went in putting over this propaganda against the
Jews. I quote:

  "It is established for all eternity: alien albumen is the
  sperm of a man of alien race. The male sperm in
  cohabitation is partially or completely absorbed by the
  female, and thus enters her bloodstream. One single
  cohabitation of a Jew with an Aryan woman is sufficient
  to poison her blood for ever. Together with the alien
  albumen she has absorbed the alien soul. Never again will
  she be able to bear purely Aryan children,
  
                                                  [Page 156]
  
  even when married to an Aryan. They will all be bastards,
  with a dual soul and a body of a mixed breed. Their
  children too will be crossbreeds; that means, ugly people
  of unsteady character and with a tendency to illnesses.
  Now we know why the Jew uses every artifice of seduction
  in order to ravish German girls at as early an age as
  possible; why the Jewish doctor rapes his female patients
  while they are under anaesthesia. He wants the German
  girl and the German woman to absorb the alien sperm of
  the Jew. She is never again to bear German children. But
  the blood products of all animals right down to the
  bacteria, such as the serum, lymph, extracts from
  internal organs, etc., are also alien albumen. They have
  a poisonous effect if directly introduced into the
  bloodstream either by vaccination or by injection. By
  these products of sick animals the blood is ravished, the
  Aryan is impregnated with an alien species. The author
  and abettor of such action is the Jew. He has been aware
  of the secrets of the race question for centuries, and
  therefore plans systematically the annihilation of the
  nations which are superior to him. Science and
  authorities are his instruments for the enforcing of
  pseudo-science and the concealment of truth."

That becomes, my Lord, Exhibit GB 168.

The next document, also at the beginning of 1935, an extract
from his own paper, "Der Sturmer," entitled "The Chosen
People of the Criminals" -

  "And all the same, or, let us say, just because of this,
  the history book of the Jews, which is usually called the
  Holy Scriptures, impresses us as a horrible criminal
  romance, which makes the 150 shilling-shockers of the
  British Jew, Edgar Wallace, grow pale with envy. This
  'holy' book abounds in murder, incest, fraud, theft and
  indecency."

On the 4th of October, 1935 - and the Tribunal will remember
that that was the month after the Nuremberg Decrees had been
made - he made a speech which is reported in the "Volkischer
Beobachter" and is entitled in that newspaper, "Safeguard of
German Blood and German Honour." I read the report in that
article:

  "Gauleiter Streicher speaks at a German Labour Front mass
  demonstration for the Nuremberg Laws."

Then the first line of the actual article says that he spoke
for the second time within a few weeks. I quote only the
last two lines of that first large paragraph:

  "We have therefore to unmask the Jew, and that is what I
  have been doing for the past fifteen years."

That remark apparently was met with tempestuous applause.
That Document M-34 becomes Exhibit GB 169.

And, my Lord, I think it unnecessary to quote from the next
document in the Tribunal's book. It is very much the same
type of thing. On Page 22 of the document book, M-6, there
is a leading article by Streicher in his "Der Sturmer " of
which I would refer only to the last half of the last
paragraph, where again he emphasises the part that he
himself has taken in this campaign.

  "'Der Sturmer's' fifteen years of work of enlightenment
  has already led an army of those who know - millions
  strong - to National Socialism. The continued work of
  'Der Sturmer' will help to ensure that every German down
  to the last man will, with heart and hand, join the ranks
  of those whose aim it is to crush the head of the serpent
  Pan-Juda beneath their heels. He who helps to bring this
  about helps to eliminate the devil, and this devil is the
  Jew."

That document becomes Exhibit GB 170.

The next document-I only include it in the document book
again to show the extraordinary length to which he went in
his propaganda, and it consists of a

                                                  [Page 157]

photograph of the burning hull of the airship "Hindenburg"
when it went on fire in June, 1937, in America. Underneath
it the caption includes the comment, "The first radio
picture from the United States of America shows quite
clearly that a Jew stands behind the explosion of our
airship 'Hindenburg.' Nature has depicted quite clearly and
quite correctly that devil in human guise."

And although it is not at all clear from that photograph, I
think the meaning of that comment is that the cloud of smoke
in the air is in the shape of a Jewish face.

On the next page, Document M-4, is a speech he made in
September, 1937, at the opening of a bridge in Nuremberg. I
would quote only the last paragraph on Page 24. The bridge
in question is called the Wilhelm Gustloff bridge, and he
says:

  "The man who murdered Wilhelm Gustloff had to come from
  the Jewish people, because the Jewish text books teach
  that every Jew has the right to kill a non-Jew, and
  indeed, that it is pleasing to the Jewish God to kill as
  many non-Jews as possible.
  
  Look at the road the Jewish people have been following
  for thousands of years past; everywhere murder,
  everywhere mass murder. Neither must we forget that
  behind present-day wars there stands the Jewish financier
  who pursues his aims and interests. The Jew always lives
  on the blood of other nations; he needs such murder and
  such victims. For us who know, the murder of Wilhelm
  Gustloff is the same as ritual murder."

And then on the next page:

  "We must tell our children that it is the duty of German
  children at school, and the bigger ones, to learn what
  this memorial means."

I go to the next paragraph:

  "The Jew no longer shows himself among us openly as he
  used to. But it would be wrong to say that victory is
  ours. Full and final victory will have been achieved only
  when the whole world has been rid of Jews."

That becomes Exhibit GB 171.

Now the next two documents in your document books are simply
extracts from the correspondence columns of "Der Sturmer,"
showing again one of the methods he employed in this
propaganda. I do not need to read them. The correspondence
columns of all his issues are full of letters coming in from
Germans saying that, for instance, some German has been
buying her shoes from a Jewish shop and so on, and in that
way assisting in the general boycott of the Jews. In other
words, they really are a weekly column of libels against the
Jews all over Germany.

I pass then to another and particular form of propaganda
that he employed, and which he called "Ritual Murder." The
Tribunal may well remember that some years ago, I think it
started in 1934, this "Der Sturmer" began publishing
accounts of Jewish ritual murder which horrified the whole
world to such an extent that the Archbishop of Canterbury
eventually wrote to "The Times" protesting, as indeed did
people from every country in the world, protesting that any
Government should allow matter like this to be published in
its national newspapers.

He takes his ritual murder, I understand, from a medieval
belief that during their Eastertide celebrations the Jews
were in the habit of murdering Christian children, and he
enlarges upon this and misrepresents this belief, this
medieval belief, to show that not only did they do it in the
Middle Ages, but that they are still doing it and still want
to do it. And if I might just quote one or two passages from
his newspapers and show one or two pictures which he
published in connection with his campaign of ritual murder,
it will illustrate to the Court the type of teaching and
propaganda that he was putting up. One Page 29 of the
Tribunal's document book, I will quote from the third but
last paragraph:

                                                  [Page 158]

   "This the French front-line soldier should take with him
   to France: The German people have taken a new lease of
   life. They want peace, but if anybody tries to attack
   them, if anyone tries to torture them again, if anyone
   tries to push them back into the past, then the world
   would see another heroic epic; then Heaven will decide
   where righteousness lies here, or where the Jew has the
   whip hand and where he instigates massacres, one could
   almost say the biggest ritual murders of all times. If
   the German people are to be slaughtered according to the
   Jewish rites, the whole world will be thus slaughtered
   at the same time."

And the last paragraph:

   "As you have drummed morning and evening prayers into
   your children's heads, so now drum this into their
   heads, so that the German people may gain the spiritual
   power to convince the rest of the world which the Jews
   desire to lead against us."

That document is M-2, Exhibit GB 172.

And on the following page of the document book there is a
reproduction of a photograph taken from the "Der Sturmer" of
April, 1937, which illustrates three Jews ritually murdering
a girl by cutting her throat, and shows the blood pouring
out into a bucket on the ground. The caption underneath that
photograph is as follows: "Ritual murder at Polna. Ritual
murder of Agnes Hruza by the Jews Hilsner, Erdmann and
Wassermann (taken from a contemporary postcard)." That is
Exhibit USA 258.  It is in a copy of "Der Sturmer," which
has already been put in.

There appears in the next page of the document book an
extract from that same "Der Sturmer," April, 1937. I will
not read it now, because it has been put in and has all been
read to the Court. It describes what happens when ritual
murder takes place, and the blood is mixed with the bread
and drunk by the Jews having their feast. The Tribunal will
remember that during the feast the head of the family
exclaims, "May all gentiles perish - as the child whose
blood is contained in the bread and wine."

That is already Exhibit USA 258, and it has been read in the
transcript (Page 381, Part 2).

THE PRESIDENT: Would that be a good time to break off?

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL GRIFFITH-JONES: If your Lordship pleases.

(A recess was taken until 14.00 hours.)

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