The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: imt/nca/nca-02/nca-02-16-responsibility-09-08

Archive/File: imt/nca/nca-02/nca-02-16-responsibility-09-08
Last-Modified: 1997/04/21

   Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression, Volume Two, Chapter XIV
                        WILHELM FRICK

                                                  [Page 674]

Frick, who joined the Nazi conspiracy at its early
beginning, played within the conspiracy the role of expert
administrator and coordinator of State and Party affairs.
Misusing his governmental positions in the pre-Hitler era,
he gave aid and protection to the conspirators when they
were still weak. He supported them in their first attempt to
come into power by force, expecting to gain high office from
their success. He was the first to carry their revolutionary
program from the-Beer Hall to the Reichstag Rostrum. As
their earliest important office-holder (in Thuringia), he
developed for the first time their totalitarian and
terroristic methods of political and intellectual control.

                                                  [Page 675]
Upon the accession to power of the Nazi conspirators on 30
January 1933, Frick took over the vital Ministry of
Interior. From this position he directed the realization of
the entire domestic program of the conspiracy. He took
complete charge of the successive destruction of the
parliamentary system, of autonomous State and local
government, and of the career civil service. He planned and
executed the measures which subjected the government itself
to the domination of the Nazi Party. He then proceeded to
establish a huge Reich Police Force under Himmler, which
became the instrument with which the Nazi conspirators
terrorized and ultimately "liquidated" all opposition inside
and outside Germany in concentration and extermination

In order to give the semblance of law to the criminal acts
of the conspirators, Frick drafted legislation to withdraw
constitutional protection from the rights and liberties
which they had determined to wipe out. He participated in
the relentless and violent persecution of all persons and
groups who were considered as actual or potential opponents
of the conspirators' plans. Among these were the churches,
the free trade unions, and especially the Jews.

Having secured absolute control over Germany for the
conspirators, Frick proceeded to bring the German people and
State to readiness for the wars of aggression planned by the
conspirators. He established the system of military and
labor service on which the Wehrmacht was to rest. He took
over the planning of Germany's civilian wartime
administration, which was to back it up. In this capacity he
organized and supervised the killing of the useless eaters,
the insane, crippled, aged, and such foreign forced laborers
who were no longer able to work.

As the Nazi conspirators began to achieve their predatory
aims, Frick was active in the coordination of the
administration of the territories and peoples which fell
into Nazi hands. He presided over the annexation of
territories and the denationalization of their inhabitants
in violation of the Hague Conventions. Wen the conspirators
were ready to proceed to the realization of their ultimate
goals, especially the complete enslavement and annihilation
of conquered populations, Frick devised the basic
legislation for their disfranchisement and finally took
personal charge of one of the oppressed nations,

Thus, Frick was one of the principal artisans of the
conspiracy throughout its course. His contribution to its
progress as essential in all its phases, and decisive in
many. He nurtured the conspiracy, directed its followers,
terrorized its opponents, and destroyed its victims.

                                                  [Page 676]

(1) Between 1932 and 1945 Frick held the following

(a) Member of the Nazi Party, 1925-1945 (3127-PS).

(b) Reichsleiter (Member of the Party Directorate) in his
capacity as Fraktionsfuehrer (Floorleader) of NSDAP in the

(c) Member of the Reichstag, 7 December 1924-1945.

(d) Reich Minister of the Interior, 30 January 1933-20
August 1943 (2381-PS; 3086-PS).

(e) Prussian Minister of the Interior, 1 May 1934-20 August
1943 (3132-PS; 3086-PS).

(f) Reich Director of Elections, 30 January 1933-20 August
1943 (3223-PS; 3086-PS)

(g) General Plenipotentiary for the Administration of the
Reich, 21 May 1935-20 August 1943 (2978-PS; 3086-PS).

(h) Head of the Central Office for the Reunification of
Austria and the German Reich (2307-PS; 1060-PS; 3123-PS).

(i) Director of the Central Office for the Incorporation of
Sudetenland, Memel, Danzig, the Eastern Incorporated
Territories, Eupen, Malmedy, and Moresnot (3076-PS; 3077-

(j) Director of the Central Office for the Protectorate of
Bohemia, Moravia, the Government General, Lower Styria,
Upper Carinthia, Norway, Alsace, Lorraine, and all other
occupied territories (2119-PS; 3123-PS)

(k) Reich Protector for Bohemia and Moravia, 20 August 1943-
1945 (3086-PS).

(2) Between 1917 and 1945, Wilhelm Frick held the additional
following positions:

(a) Chief of the Criminal (later the Political) Division of
the Munich Police Department, 1917-1923 (2381-PS).

(b) Fraktionsfuehrer (Floorleader) of the NSDAP in the
Reichstag, 1927-1945 (2381-PS).

(c) Minister of the Interior and of Education of the Free
State of Thuringia, 23 January 1930-1 April 1931 (2381-PS).

(d) Member of the Reich Defense Council, 21 May 193-20
August 1943 (2978-PS).

(e) Member of the Ministerial Council for the Defense of the
Reich, 30 August 1939-20 August 1943 (2018-PS).

(f) Reich Minister without Portfolio, 20 August 1943-1945

Home ·  Site Map ·  What's New? ·  Search Nizkor

© The Nizkor Project, 1991-2012

This site is intended for educational purposes to teach about the Holocaust and to combat hatred. Any statements or excerpts found on this site are for educational purposes only.

As part of these educational purposes, Nizkor may include on this website materials, such as excerpts from the writings of racists and antisemites. Far from approving these writings, Nizkor condemns them and provides them so that its readers can learn the nature and extent of hate and antisemitic discourse. Nizkor urges the readers of these pages to condemn racist and hate speech in all of its forms and manifestations.