The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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Newsgroups: soc.history,soc.culture.jewish
Subject: Holocaust Calendar: November 30
Followup-To: alt.revisionism
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[Follow-ups set]

November 30

1941

Between November 30 and December 9, over 25,000 Jews are
murdered by the SS near Riga. (Goldhagen, 154)

1943

Mussolini's neo-Fascist government decrees that all Jews,
without exception, are to be arrested and sent to Italian
concentration camps. All of their property, including liquid
assets and real estate, is to be confiscated immediately
"for the benefit of the indigent refugees from enemy air
attacks." (USHMM, 1993, p. 51)

1944

The first war-crimes trial against the commandant and guards
at Majdanek begins before a Polish tribunal in Lublin. Five
defendants are hanged in a public square in Lublin after
sentencing on December 2. (USHMM, 1994, p. 68)

1995

A Swiss court acquitted Paul Grueninger of all charges
stemming from his work in saving Jews from certain death
during WWII.

Grueninger was suspended from his job as the Police
Commandant of the Saint Gall canton on the Austrian border
in 1941. He had saved countless Jews from the Nazi murder
machine by altering their papers and permitting them to
enter Switzerland. Subsequently charged with forging
documents and abusing his authority, Grueninger was
sentenced to loss of employment, a heavy fine, and
forfeiture of all retirement and severance payments. He
never found another suitable job, and was subjected to a
smear campaign alleging that he demanded money or sexual
favors in exchange for letting Jews into Switzerland. In
1971, the year of his death, he was recognized as a
Righteous Person by Israel's Yad Vashem. (LeBor, 136-139)

                         Work Cited

Goldhagen, Daniel Jonah. Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans 
   and the Holocaust.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996

LeBor, Adam. Hitler's Secret Bankers: The Myth of Swiss
   Neutrality During the Holocaust. Secaucus, N.J.: Carol Publishing Group, 1997.

USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Revolt Amid the Darkness: Days of Remembrance,
   April 18-25, 1993. Washington, D.C.: 1993
                              
USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Darkness Before Dawn: Days of Remembrance, April
   3-10, 1994. Washington, D.C.: 1994

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