The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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Newsgroups: soc.history,soc.culture.jewish
Subject: Holocaust Calendar: November 3
Followup-To: alt.revisionism
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Organization: The Nizkor Project
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[Follow-ups set]

1943

Police Battalion 101 participate in "Erntefest," the mass murder of the 
Jews of the Lublin ghetto, killing some 16,500 to 18,000 innocent Jews. Other 
German units massacred an estimated 6,000 to 10,000 Jewish prisoners at 
Trawniki, and nearby smaller camps. (Browning, 138-139)

"Operation Harvest Festival," designed to eliminate the last
surviving Jews of the Trawniki and Poniatowa labor camps and
the Majdanek concentration camp, all in the Lubin region, is
launched in response to the Sobibor revolt on October 14. At
Trawniki 8,000 to 10,000 Jews, including women and children,
are taken outside the camp and shot to death in huge pits.
At Poniatowa a brief resistance to liquidation is crushed,
and 15,000 Jewish prisoners are shot. The 200 members of a
cleanup crew are killed for refusing to burn the bodies. At
Majdanek 18,000 Jews from the camp and nearby labor camps in
Lublin are shot. In all, 42,000 to 43,000 Jews are murdered
in Operation Harvest Festival, the last major operation in
the General Government, bringing Operation Reinhard to a
close. (USHMM, 1993, p. 50) [For more information, see
http://www.nizkor.org/faqs/reinhard]

The last of the Jews from the Bialystok ghetto are killed at
the Majdanek concentration camp and killing center. (Ibid.)

Three hundred Jews from Genoa are deported to Auschwitz.  (Ibid.)

1944

The Swiss legation in Berlin protests the deportations and
announces that Switzerland is prepared to accept more Jews.
In response to a question by National Councilor Kagi of
Zurich, the Swiss Federal Council gives its assurances that
no asylum will be granted to war criminals. (USHMM, 1994, p. 66)

                         Work Cited
                              
Browning, Christopher R. Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the 
   Final Solution in Poland. New York: HarperCollins, 1992

USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Revolt Amid the Darkness: Days of Remembrance,
   April 18-25, 1993. Washington, D.C.: 1993
                              
USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Darkness Before Dawn: Days of Remembrance, April
   3-10, 1994. Washington, D.C.: 1994


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