The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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Newsgroups: soc.history,soc.culture.jewish,soc.culture.magyar
Subject: Holocaust Calendar: October 28
Followup-To: alt.revisionism
Organization: The Nizkor Project
X-Remember: http://www.nizkor.org

[Follow-ups set]

October 28

1940

The absence of a prisoner was noted during the Auschwitz
noon roll-call, and a punitive roll-call was ordered. The
prisoners stood at attention from noon until 9:00 PM, in
their drill uniforms, without coats, sweaters, caps or boots.
Rain mixed with snow fell the entire time. The roll-call ended
when the missing prisoner's body was discovered; he had taken
shelter from the morning rain and died in his hiding place on
the grounds. When the roll-call ended, 120 dead, unconscious or
ill prisoners had to be carried from the roll-call square. 
(Czech et al, p. 125)

1944

Anne Frank and her older sister Margot are deported from
Auschwitz-Birkenau to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp,
arriving on October 30. Both later die from typhus in Bergen-
Belsen shortly before liberation. (USHMM, 1994, p. 65)

Raoul Wallenberg appears at Jozefvros freight station, where
a transport of Budapest Jews is being loaded for
deportation. He successfully demands the release of all
those holding Swedish protective passes. During the forced
marches of Jews from Budapest in the coming weeks,
Wallenberg manages to save a number of Jews holding Swedish
protective passes. (Ibid.)

According to [SS Brigadier General] Veesenmayer, as of March
19, 1942, there were approximately 800,000 Jews in Hungary.
Of these, 430,000 have been deported by October 28, 1944,
150,000 are in Jewish labor battalions, and 200,000 remains
in Budapest. (Ibid.)

October 28 - November 1

Dora, previously a subcamp of Buchenwald, becomes an
independent concentration camp known as Dora-Mittelbau, with
32,532 prisoners and twenty-three satellite camps. (USHMM, 1994, p. 65)


                         Work Cited

Czech, Danuta, Stanslaw Klodzinski, Aleksander Lasik, 
   Andrezej Strezecki, eds. "Auschwitz 1940 - 1945. Central 
   Issues in the History of the Camp, Volume V. 
   Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum: Oswiecim 2000.
                              
USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Darkness Before Dawn: Days of Remembrance, April
   3-10, 1994. Washington, D.C.: 1994

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