The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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Newsgroups: soc.history,soc.culture.jewish
From: Ken McVay 
Organization: The Nizkor Project - http://www.nizkor.org
Subject: Holocaust Calendar: September 23
Followup-To: alt.revisionism
X-Remember: http://www.nizkor.org

[Follow-ups set]

September 23

1939

Jewish radio receivers are confiscated. (Ruerup, 118)

September 23-24, 1943

The Germans liquidate the ghetto of Vilna. Some two thousand
Jews succeed in hiding, but many are later captured. Three
thousand seven hundred Jews are sent to labor camps in
Estonia and Latvia, and four thousand children, women, and
old men are deported to Sobibor, where they are murdered.
Abba Kovner, leader of the Jewish Combat Organization in the
ghetto, and some one hundred of his fighters escape through
the sewers and reach the Rudniki forest. There they organize
a partisan group. (USHMM 1993, 45)

1944

General Dwight D. Eisenhower announces a ban on all Nazi
political and military organizations in preparation for the
occupation of Germany. He also stipulates that "laws
involving discrimination on grounds of race, religion, or
political opinion are abrogated." (USHMM 1994, 60)

The Bulgarian government announces the return of all Jewish
properties to their owners; however, the actual law is not
published until 1945. (Ibid.)

                       Work Cited

Ruerup, Reinhard, Ed., trans. By Werner T. Angress. Topography of
   Terror. Berliner Festspiele GmbH, Berlin: 1987

USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Revolt Amid the Darkness: Days of Remembrance,
   April 18-25, 1993. Washington, D.C.: 1993
                              
USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Darkness Before Dawn: Days of Remembrance, April
   3-10, 1994. Washington, D.C.: 1994

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