The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: documents/calendar/0921


Newsgroups: soc.history,soc.culture.jewish
From: Ken McVay 
Organization: The Nizkor Project - http://www.nizkor.org
Subject: Holocaust Calendar: September 21
Followup-To: alt.revisionism
X-Remember: http://www.nizkor.org

[Follow-ups set]

September 21

1939

Reinhard Heydrich issues an order authorizing the
ghettoization of Polish Jewry. Later that year, in December,
the top civil administrator of the Lodz District, Friedrich
Uebelhoer, articulated ... the pre-genocidal nature of
Heydrich's order: "The creation of the ghetto is, of course,
only a transition measure. I shall determine at what time
and with what means the ghetto -- and thereby the city of
Lodz -- will be cleansed of Jews. The final goal, at any
rate, must be that we burn out this bubonic plague utterly." (Goldhagen, 145)

1942

Burning the corpses of the dead in the open is begub in Birkenau. At
first the bodies are burned on wood piles on which 2,000 bodies are
stacked at a time, and later in pits with earlier buried and again
uncovered bodies. To burn the bodies faster, they are are first
drenched with oil residue and then with wood alcohol. The pits burn
ceaselessly, day and night. (Czech, 242)

1943

A selection is carried out in the bunkers of Block 11. 29 prisoners
are selected who have been incarcerated there by order of the
Political Department of the Camp Commander or who have been captured
while escaping or are suspected of planning an escape. The same day
they are shot at the execution wall in the courtyard of Block 11. (Czech, 492)

1944

The preparation of the technical plans for the refitting of
Crematorium I (the so-called old crematorium) in Auschwitz I to an
air-raid bunker for the SS hospital is completed. The plan is called
"Expansion of the Old Crematorium, Air-Raid Bunker for SS Hospital
with an Operating Room" and is dated September 21, 1944 (Czech, 714)

                         Work Cited

Czech, Danuta. Auschwitz Chronicle. New York: Henry Holt. 1989

Goldhagen, Daniel Jonah. Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans 
   and the Holocaust.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996


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