The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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Newsgroups: soc.history,soc.culture.jewish,soc.culture.netherlands,soc.culture.belgian
Subject: Holocaust Calendar: September 3
From: Ken McVay 
Organization: The Nizkor Project - http://www.nizkor.org
Followup-To: alt.revisionism
X-Remember: http://www.nizkor.org

[Follow-ups set]

September 3

1935

Martin Bormann orders Party agencies to hand persons who
criticize the Nazi Party or institutions over to the
Gestapo. (3239-PS. NCA II, 898)

1941

The Germans experimented with Auschwitz's initial "small"
gas chamber ... using Zyklon B (hydrogen cyanide) to kill
about 850 people, 600 of whom were Soviet prisoners of war.  (Goldhagen, 157)

1944

An interview with two survivors of the Sobibor killing
center detailing the horrors of the camp is published in
Komsomolskaya Pravda and also in the New York Times of
September 4. (USHMM 1994, 58)

September 3-4

1943

"Operation Iltis,"  the last round of deportation of Jews
from Belgium, begins. Jews of Belgian nationality, exempted
until now while Jewish aliens were sent eastward, are
deported, mostly to Auschwitz. (USHMM 1993, 43)

Etty Hillesum, a young Dutch-Jewish woman whose
introspective diary and inspiring letters will be acclaimed
after the war, is deported from Westerbork to Auschwitz
along with her parents and 984 other Jews. (Most of these
deportees are killed on arrival. Etty Hillesum is sent to
the women's barracks and dies in November.) (Ibid.)

The Badoglio government in Italy closes down the Ferramonti
di Tarsia internment camp and orders all Jews there released. (Ibid.)

                         Work Cited

Goldhagen, Daniel Jonah. Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans 
   and the Holocaust.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996

USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Revolt Amid the Darkness: Days of Remembrance,
   April 18-25, 1993. Washington, D.C.: 1993
                              
USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Darkness Before Dawn: Days of Remembrance, April
   3-10, 1994. Washington, D.C.: 1994

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