The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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Newsgroups: soc.history,soc.culture.jewish
Subject: Holocaust Calendar: November 9
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[Follow-ups set]

November 9-10

1938

Germans in cities, towns, and villages across the country
were awakened to the sounds of shattering glass, the light
and smell of burning synagogues, and the cries of agony
emitted by Jews whom their countrymen were beating to a
pulp. The magnitude of the violence and destruction ... is
reflected in the statistics. Approximately 100 Jews were
murdered, while thirty thousand more were hauled off to
concentration camps. Hundreds of synagogues were burned to
the ground, and the storefront glass was shattered at about
7,5000 Jewish stores and businesses, hence the appellation
`Kristallnacht.' (Goldhagen, 99-100)

This pogrom against the Jewish population throughout Germany
results in the arrest of over 26,000 male Jews. (Ruerup, 112)

1943

Resolutions are introduced in the U.S. Senate and House of
Representatives urging President Roosevelt to create a
commission of experts to work to save the remaining Jews of
Europe. (USHMM, 1993, p. 50)

1944

The Central Office for Reich Security (RSHA) informs the
Foreign Ministry that as part of SS efforts to obtain
weapons from neutral and enemy countries, another thousand
Hungarian Jews are to be sent to Switzerland as soon as
transport can be made available. "Higher authority" has
determined that no written notification will be made. (See
October 5). (USHMM, 1994, p. 67)

                         Work Cited

Goldhagen, Daniel Jonah. Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans 
   and the Holocaust.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996

Ruerup, Reinhard, Ed., trans. By Werner T. Angress. Topography of
   Terror. Berlliner Festspiele GmbH, Berlin: 1987

USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Revolt Amid the Darkness: Days of Remembrance,
   April 18-25, 1993. Washington, D.C.: 1993
                              
USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Darkness Before Dawn: Days of Remembrance, April
   3-10, 1994. Washington, D.C.: 1994

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