The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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Subject: Holocaust Calendar: November 1
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[Follow-ups set]

November 1

1940

Referring to a decision by Reichsfuehrer SS, Security Police
and Security Service Chief Heydrich ordered that 40 Poles, chosen
by Himmler from four lists of names, be shot to death "in a
covert way" ("unter Ausschluss der Oeffentlichkeit") in
reprisal for an alleged assault on a police official in Katowice.
(Czech et al, pp. 125-6) These prisoners were subsequently shot
on November 22nd.

1941

The Commissioner General of White Ruthenia, having witnessed
the liquidation of the Jews of Sluzk, includes the following
comments in his report to the Reich Commissioner for the
Eastern Territories:

     "Peace and order cannot be maintained in White Ruthenia
     with methods of that sort. To bury seriously wounded
     people alive who worked their way out of their graves
     again is such a base and filthy act that the incidents
     should be reported to the Fuehrer and Reichs Marshal."
     (1104-PS) (NCA II, 274)

1943

At the conclusion of a conference of their foreign ministers
in Moscow, the United States, Great Britain and the Soviet
Union confirm that their countries would not consider any
separate peace negotiations with Germany, putting the
Germans on notice that they will be held responsible for
crimes against humanity. The Allies also sign an agreement
for the extradition of war criminals to stand trial in the
country where the crimes were committed. (USHMM, 1993, p. 49)

The Jewish prisoners and Soviet POWs in Sonderkommando 1005
begin digging up mass graves at the Ninth Fort outside Kovno
and burn the bodies in giant pyres. (Fifty thousand Jews had
been killed at this fort.) (Ibid.)

1944

The last deportation train leaves the La Risiera de San
Sabba concentration camp in Trieste for Auschwitz. From
October 1943 to November 1944, twenty-two such trains have
made this journey. (USHMM, 1994, p. 66)

                         Work Cited
                              
Czech, Danuta, Stanslaw Klodzinski, Aleksander Lasik, 
   Andrezej Strezecki, eds. "Auschwitz 1940 - 1945. Central 
   Issues in the History of the Camp, Volume V. 
   Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum: Oswiecim 2000.

NCA II. Office of the United States Chief of Counsel for
   Prosecution of Axis Criminality. Nazi Conspiracy and
   Aggression, Volume II. Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1946

USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Revolt Amid the Darkness: Days of Remembrance,
   April 18-25, 1993. Washington, D.C.: 1993
                              
USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Darkness Before Dawn: Days of Remembrance, April
   3-10, 1994. Washington, D.C.: 1994

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