The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: documents/calendar/0901


Newsgroups: soc.history,soc.culture.jewish
Subject: Holocaust Calendar: September 1
Followup-To: alt.revisionism
From: Ken McVay 
Organization: The Nizkor Project - http://www.nizkor.org

[Follow-ups set]

September 1

1939

During a conference of the department heads of Security Police and
Commanders of Special Units, with Heydrich presiding, the deportation
of the "remaining 30,000 Gypsies" from the German territory to Poland
becomes policy. (Ruerup, 124)

Restrictions on the movement of German Jews are announced, and curfews
(9 p.m., 8 p.m. during winter) are established. (Ruerup, 118)

Hitler authorized Reichsleiter Bouhler and Dr. Brandt to "grant
merciful deaths." This was the beginning of Operation T4, and gas
chambers were one of the instuments used for the euthanasia of 
incurables and the mentally ill. (Vidal-Naquet, 107)

1941

The social isolation of the Jews within Germany, the marking
of them as socially dead beings, was further intensified and
symbolized by the government regulation compelling German
Jews to wear in public a sizable yellow star of David
inscribed in black with the word "Jude." (Goldhagen, 138, Ruerup, 118)

Ninth Company, Police Battalion 322 participates in the murder of 
more than 900 Jews from the Minsk area, while Police Regiment South 
reports shooting 88 Jews, and Battalion 320 reports shooting 380. 
(Browning, 16,17; Breitman, 50)

1943

German and Estonian police surround the Vilna ghetto and
begin arresting ghetto inhabitants for deportation to forced-
labor camps in Estonia. The underground United Partisan
Organization (FPO) mobilizes its forces and issues a
manifesto urging the ghetto populace to resist. The call is
not heeded, and after an abortive clash between the FPO and
German units, _Judenrat_ Chairman Jacob Gens reaches an
agreement with the Germans to fill the required deportee
quota (five thousand Jews), providing German forces leave
the ghetto. (See September 14). (USHMM 1993, 43)

1944

In London, A.R. Dew, head of the Southern Department of the
British Foreign Office, comments on submissions by the Board
of (Jewish) Deputies urging help for Hungarian and Romanian
Jews: "In my opinion a disproportionate amount of time of
this office is wasted in dealing with these wailing Jews." (USHMM 1994, 58)


                         Work Cited

Goldhagen, Daniel Jonah. Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans 
   and the Holocaust.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996

Breitman, Richard. Official Secrets. New York: Hill & Wang, 1998                              
Browning, Christopher R. Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the 
   Final Solution in Poland. New York: HarperCollins, 1992

Ruerup, Reinhard, Ed., trans. By Werner T. Angress. Topography of
   Terror. Berliner Festspiele GmbH, Berlin: 1987

USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Revolt Amid the Darkness: Days of Remembrance,
   April 18-25, 1993. Washington, D.C.: 1993

USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Darkness Before Dawn: Days of Remembrance, April
   3-10, 1994. Washington, D.C.: 1994

Vidal-Naquet, Pierre. Assassins of Memory. Columbia University 
   Press: New York, Oxford, 1992

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