The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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Subject: Holocaust Calendar: February 23
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1937

"Himmler ordered the Criminal Police to rearrest about two
thousand habitual criminal offenders and to incarcerate them in
concentration camps. These were individuals who had not been
sentenced anew; choosing the victims was entirely up to the Criminal
Police's judgement..." (Friedlaender, 204)

1943

Thirty-nine Polish boys, aged thirteen to seventeen, from
Zamosc arrive at Auschwitz-Birkenau. The youths, who had
been deemed unsuitable for Germanization, are murdered there
with lethal phenol injections. (USHMM, 1993. Pg. 24)

The Red Army's 16th Division, among whose members are a
large number of Lithuanian Jews, goes on the attack in the
Ukraine. The Germans retreat, but several hundred Jewish
soldiers are killed in action. (Ibid.)

1944

Twenty-four men and twenty-three women survive selection on
the ramp at Birkenau. They were from a transport of several
hundred Jews deported from Narva concentration camp in
Estonia who arrived in Auschwitz-Birkenau the previous day.
(USHMM, 1994. Pg. 29)

                          Work Cited

Friedlaender, Saul. Nazi Germany and the Jews, Volume I: The Years of
   Persecution, 1933-1939. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1997

USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Revolt Amid the Darkness: Days of Remembrance,
   April 18-25, 1993. Washington, D.C.: 1993
                              
USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Darkness Before Dawn: Days of Remembrance, April
   3-10, 1994. Washington, D.C.: 1994

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