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Archive/File: fascism sachsenhausen
Last-modified: 1993/08/29

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                         United Press International.


Sunday 29-Aug-93 10:48 AM

Swastikas desecrate Sachsenhausen concentration camp memorial By LEON
MANGASARIAN


   BERLIN (UPI) _ Suspected neo-Nazis chiseled swastikas into a memorial
at the former Sachsenhausen concentration camp, just before a German-
Jewish leader was due to deliver a speech there, authorities said
Sunday.
   Two men were arrested by police as they cut swastikas into a stone
monument at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp north of Berlin,
preserved as a memorial to victims of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich,
authorities at the memorial said.
   The suspected neo-Nazis, aged 19 and 20, were released after
questioning, a police spokesman said.
   The attack came just hours before the head of Germany's 41,000-strong
Jewish community, Ignatz Bubis, gave a speech at Sachsenahusen to
commemorate the opening of an exhibition on how Denmark rescued Danish-
Jews from the [NAZI] persecution.
   Bubis warned in his speech of the rising number of attacks on
foreigners in Germany and said Germans were in danger of ``getting used''
to racist attacks and right-wing extremist slogans.
   ``It is dangerous to say the current situation is only due to the
economic and social grievances,'' Bubis said.
   Bubis said Danes, who saved all but 481 of the country's more than 7,
000 Danish-Jews by hiding them from the Gestapo and then ferrying them
aboard fishing boats to safety in Sweden, were a great example of moral
courage against violence.
   The exhibition, which also opened Sunday in Copenhagen, will travel
to 20 sites in eight countries including the United States, Canada, and
Israel.
   Sachsenhausen's memorials have come under repeated attack by neo-
[NAZIS] in recent years. In the worst incident, arson totally destroyed a
museum housed in the camp's former Jewish barrack in September 1992. Two
 neo-Nazi skinheads have been charged with setting the blaze.
   About 100,000 people were murdered by the [NAZIS] at the Sachsenhausen
concentration camp between 1938 and 1945.
   In other weekend rightist violence, police stormed a gathering of
neo-Nazis skinheads in the eastern German town of Hennigsdorf, a few
miles from Sachsenhausen.
   A police spokesman said the 20 to 30 youths who were shouting ``Heil
Hitler'' and other [NAZI] slogans at an outdoor party refused an order to
disperse and that officers broke up the gathering.
   Eight skinheads who resisted police were briefly detained, the
spokesman said.
   Meanwhile, Germany's interior minister, Manfred Kanther, said he was
considering banning further rightist groups.
   ``Bans are a thoroughly suitable means if they seriously hit (these)
organizations,'' said Kanther in an interview with the newspaper
Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung.
   Three rightist political parties were banned by Kanther's predecessor
last December.
   But the banning of rightist groups remains controversial among those
seeking to fight the rightist revival in Germany.
   The influential news weekly Der Spiegel recently argued that last
December's banning of the three parties _ the German Alternative, the
Nationalist Front and the National Offensive _ has driven together ex-
members of what used to be three competing movements.
   Rightists killed 17 people in Germany last year and have slain at
least nine people so far this year.
   A report issued last week by Germany's Office for the Protection of
the Constitution said rightist violence increased from 1,438 reported
cases in 1991 to 2,584 cases in 1992 _ an increase of 74 percent.


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