Pressac, Jean-Claude. _Auschwitz: Technique and operation of the gas chambers._ The Beate Klarsfeld Foundation, New York, 1989. pp. 284-286: BAULEITUNG DRAWING 932 The first drawing, 932(p) (Polish) comes from the PMO Archives, BW 30/01, neg. nos. 17079 and 20818/3 [this is the image available at http://www.almanac.bc.ca/cgi-bin/ftp.pl?camps/auschwitz/documents/pressac/bau-0932-detail.jpg -Nizkor] The second drawing, 932(r) (Russian) comes from the "October Revolution" Central State Archives in Moscow. Krematorium (Birkenau Krematorium II, BW 30), scale 1:100 Entwurf fuer das Krematorium / Project for the Krematorium Schnitte / Cross-sections GrundriB vom UntergeschoB / Basement plan Drawn on 23/1/42 by SS Sergeant Ulmer, checked on 28/1/42 by SS Second Lieutenant Dejaco and approved on 28/1/42 by SS Captain Bischoff. (The date 7/7/42 followed by unknown initials above the identification block on 932(p) would appear to be of civilian origin (the Huta civil engineering firm perhaps)) Translation of inscriptions: (from left to right and top to bottom) [Inscriptions visible in bau-0932-detail.jpg are marked with "+"; those cropped out of that image are marked with "-" -Nizkor] + Betonboden / concrete floor + Siphon / Siphon - Pfeilerfundamente / Pillar foundation - Isolierung / Damp-proofing - LEICHENKELLER 2 / CORPSE CELLAR 2 - Absetzgrube / drainage ditch + 13 Steigungen / 13 steps + GANG / CORRIDOR - Zum Kanal / To sewer - Entlueftungskanal / air extraction duct + LEICHENKELLER 3 / CORPSE CELLAR 3 + Rutsche / (Corpse) chute - LEICHENKELLER 1 / CORPSE CELLAR 1 - SIEHE DECKBLATT - ZEICHNUNG NR 1311! / SEE CORRECTION SHEET - DRAWING 1311! + VORRAUM / VESTIBULE + Aufzug / Corpse lift - Entlueftungsschacht / Air extraction shaft - Entlueftungskanal / air extraction duct - Nicht unterkellert / Without basement - Nach stat. Berechnung / According to static calculations - Schornstein / Chimney - Rauchkanal / (Underfloor) smoke flue - Ofenfundamente / Furnace foundations - Kontrollschacht / Inspection manhole - Klaergrube / Cesspit Drawing 932 is now the best known of all the Krematorium II drawings. Widely published by both the traditional historians (Georges Wellers) and the revisionists (Robert Faurisson), it is presented as evidence of counterevidence, depending on the thesis supported, without any valid comment or serious study. In fact, drawing 932 contains no "criminal traces" indicating the final purpose of Krematorium II, whose apparent "normality" here would seem to support the revisionist argument. Drawing 932 is made up of three parts: - in the centre, the foundations, with no basements, of the furnace room and the north wing containing the waste incinerator; - on the right (east), the foundations, with no basements, of the fuel store and other anciliary [sic -Nizkor] rooms; - on the left (west), the basement or "cellar" part of the Krematorium, with the corpse chute serving the three underground morgues originally planned. The date of 23/1/42 is that of the original version, but cannot be accepted for this version, for the semi-basements, Leichenkeller 1 and 2, as shown here could not be built on the site in the main camp for lack of space. This drawing is therefore most probably a _second version_ of the basement area of the planned Krematorium, redrawn to suit the new site in Birkenau, no doubt in April 1942. The only differences between this and the original version of January 1942 drawn for the main camp would be: 1. An increase in the area of the two Leichenkeller orignially [sic -Nizkor] planned (letter of 22nd October 1941, no. 715?/41 Ho), explicable by the camp originally planned for 10-30,000 prisoners being increased to take a planned 100-150,000 or even more; 2. Leichenkeller 1 and 2 now planned as semi-basements instead of full basements, because of the high water table in Birkenau; 3. creation of a third underground morgue, Leichenkeller 3. The numbering of the three Leichenkeller, 1, 2, and 3 is not explained in any known German document. Judging by their arrangement around their source of supply, the corpse chute, and the ventilation shown on drawing 932, it is reasonable to suppose that: a) Leichenkeller 3 was to be the reception morgue, where the prison numbers of the corpses would be recorded; b) Leichenkeller 2 was to be temporary storage for newly arrived and recorded corpses awaiting cremation (delay of 3 or 4 days); c) Leichenkeller 1 was to take corpses several days old, beginning to decompose and thus requiring the room to be well-ventilated, to be incinerated as soon as possible. There is nothing on this drawing that indicates the future "special" use of this Krematorium. Quite the contrary, it looks a perfectly "normal," though very high capacity, incineration facility. The arguments against Krematorium II having been planned from the outset as an instrument of extermination are as follows: 1. No access stairway from the exterior to the future undressing room (Leichenkeller 2) (this absence is particularly visible on 932(r), where the Soviets have tried to rectify the defect by adding some steps in the centre of the west wall, which is incorrect, the actual location being more to the north). What is more, the Krematorium was actually built _without_ this stairway (photos neg. nos 286 and 20995/493 for Krematorium III) which was added later; 2. The direction in which the double doors of the three Leichenkeller opened is shown as being from the outside (corridor and vestibule) to the inside (see sketch). If large numbers of people were gasseed in Leichenkeller 1 with such an arrangement it would have been virtually impossible to open the doors, which would be blocked by corpses; 3. A single door is easier to make gas tight than a double door like that planned for Leichenkeller 1; 4. The drains of Leichenkeller 1, being connected to the others in the western part of the building, run directly into the common sewer (Absetzgrube), so that if gas were used in Leichenkeller 1, there would be a chance of toxic gas penetrating rooms on the ground floor (see drawing 932(r), where the trace of the frains of Leichenkeller 1 is underlined in blue); 5. The ventilation and air extraction system of Leichenkeller 1 was designed for a morgue, not a gas chamber, though in the end it was used without modification; 6. The central location of the corpse chute, with the bottom end advancing well into the vestibule between the three Leichenkeller would be in the way of people going from the undressing room (Leichenkeller 2) to the gas chamber (Leichenkeller 1). The following modifications were made to adapt the Leichenkeller of Krematorium II to suit the new role of "special treatment": 1. An access stairway from the exterior to the undressing room (Leichenkeller 2) was built. In the meantime a hut erected in the Krematorium yard was used as a temporary undressing room in the second half of March 1943; 2. The direction in which the double door of Leichenkeller 1 opened was reversed (Drawing 2003 of 19/12/42, drawn by Dejaco); 3. This double door was subsequently reduced to a single, _gas-tight_ door; 4. The drainage system of Leichenkeller 1 was separated from the other drains in the west of the building and run direct to a sewer outside the building (drainage drawing, 1300, of 18/6/42); 5. The efficiency of the Leichenkeller 1 ventilation system was tested after introducing Zyclon-B in March 1943; 6. A wooden wall was built in front of the corpse chute, which caused problems with passage from Leichenkeller 2 to Leichenkeller 1 (order 204 of 18/3/43 for Krematorium II, sent to the DAW workshops); 7. 4 heavy wire mesh columns with lidded chimneys above the roof for pouring Zyclon-B were installed in Leichenkeller 1 (PMO file BW 30/43, page 12); 8. 24 wooden dummy showers were installed in the ceiling of Leichenkeller 1 (PMO file BW 30/43, page 24 for the Krematorium III); 9. The 3 water taps in Leichenkeller 1 were removed (drawing 2197(b)(r)). 10. Benches with clothes hooks on the wall above them were installed in Leichenkeller 2; 11. The area of Leichenkeller 3 was reduced (drawing 1311 of 14/5/42) then this morgue was eliminated altogether, having no use in the criminal context of Krematorium II (drawing 2003 of 19/12/42). [See http://www.almanac.bc.ca/cgi-bin/ftp.pl?camps/auschwitz/documents/pressac/bau-2003-keller.jpg and http://www.almanac.bc.ca/cgi-bin/ftp.pl?camps/auschwitz/documents/pressac/bau-2003-keller-detail.jpg and http://www.almanac.bc.ca/cgi-bin/ftp.pl?camps/auschwitz/documents/pressac/bau-2003-keller-commentary for more on drawing 2003. -Nizkor]
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