I have recently returned from Belzec where I was part of an archaelogical team led by Professor Mieczslaw Gora of the Torun University, Warsaw. We carried out an extensive survey of the camp area drilling over 1700 bore-holes and examining soil samples to a depth of 6m. 33 mass graves were found of various dimensions, the largest measuring 70m x 20m x 6m deep. In the south east part of the camp five mass graves were found, the largest measuring 36m x 18m x 6m deep. Two of the graves contained unburnt, naked human corpses below a layer of water at 3-4m below ground. At varying depths was found burnt human ash, burnt wood, crushed pieces of bone etc. At the extrermity of drilling in grave marked No,1, there were several c.m. of burnt human fat. Three graves contained a mixture of ash, carbonised wood and crushed bone. Near to the East boundary fence a grave measuring 5m x 5m x 2m deep was located, spent and live rounds of German and Russian ammunition was found. This may have been the site of the `lazerat` (bogus Red Cross location) where the old, and sick were taken for execution. With metal detectors and excavations over 600 items of property were found and logged. Four building structures were were exposed. Three of the sites were excavated to a depth of 3m, and revealed burnt structures, possibly the location of the death brigade barracks. These building sites contained concrete cellars. A number of human bones, skulls etc were found in one of these sites and probably the remains of of several people shot on site and dumped. A fourth building was exposed near the West corner of the camp which may have been the camp generator building. We found no traces of the gassing barracks. The ramp and stopping place for the transports was located. (The team: Prof. A. Kola, Prof M. Gora, R.Kazmierczak, W. Azulta, Z. Wieczorkowski, M. Tregenza and 12 local workers from Belzec village). I have 9 x 90min. film cassettes of the whole operation over the period 28.4. - 4.6.98. (in need of some professional editing?) We are due to re-commence work at Belzec this October and extend our investigation outside the present camp wire. Robin O`Neil Hebrew and Jewish Department, University College London (currently engaged PhD research Jews of Galicia/Rabka SD School/transports to Belzec). From: Peter Witte
I would like to add a tiny detail to Robin O'Neil's exciting report on Belzec. I was told that by metal detecting operations a silver cigarette case was found in the camp site bearing the engraved name of M a x M u n k from Vienna. Here we have a first piece of evidence that people from Vienna have been transported to Belzec. Has anybody ever heard about Max Munk? I have been doing a lot of research on deportations into the district of Lublin and would very much appreciate any further information. You can privately contact me off the list. Thank you Peter Witte firstname.lastname@example.org
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